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    创新作为今日中国“五大发展理念”之首,逐步成为国家长期发展... 详情>>
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王伟光
    男,汉族,1950年2月出生,山东海阳人。1967年11月参加工作,1972年11月加入中国共产党,博士研究生学历,教授,博士生导... 详情>>
李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    中国流动儿童教育的发展和政策演变

    摘要

    伴随着大规模人口流动和农民进城务工,流动儿童的义务教育成为当前突出的教育公平问题。“以流入地政府为主,以全日制公办学校为主”的“两为主”政策和地方实践经历十多年发展变迁,正向将常住人口纳入区域教育发展规划、将流动儿童教育纳入财政保障范围的“两纳入”转变。与此同时,基于人口控制等原因,大城市流动儿童义务教育出现新的障碍。笔者建议要顺应人口流动和城市化的内在规律,切实降低入学门槛,保障流动儿童受教育权利;加大省级统筹,建立各级政府分担的教育财政机制;促进流动儿童异地中考、高考,重视流动儿童学前教育和初中后教育;完善积分入学入户制度,实质性地促进流动人口市民化。

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    Abstract

    Due to the large-scale population movement and migrant workers,the compulsory education for migrant children has become a major issue in education equality. After the development and change in more than ten years,the “two-oriented” policy (inflow government undertakes the major responsibility of providing education to migrant children;the majority of migrant children receive education in public schools)and local practices have been changing toward the “two-included” policy (permanent residents are included in regional education development planning;education of migrant children is included in fiscal security range). At the same time,new barriers in education for migrant children have arisen due to population regulation in big cities. We propose to follow the inherent rules of population movement and urbanization,lower the enrollment thresholds and protect education rights of migrant children. Overall planning at provincial government level is needed to establish a mechanism that governments at all levels share the education fiscal responsibility. We should also solve the problem of migrant children’s sitting senior high school examination and college entrance examination locally and attach importance to preschool education and education after middle school for migrant children. The point-based household and enrollment system need to be improved in order to substantively promote the citizenization of migrant population.

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    作者简介
    杨东平:杨东平,21世纪教育研究院院长,主要研究方向为教育现代化理论、教育公平、现代教育史、教育公共政策、高等教育等。
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    相关报告
    #教育政策,义务教育,流动儿童#