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    精准扶贫与农村贫困人口人权保障的新进展

    摘要

    2016年是“十三五”开局之年也是脱贫攻坚战的开局之年,精准扶贫进入全新阶段。精准扶贫政策支撑体系基本建成:重视目标治理,注重分类实施,强化财政、金融和土地政策支持,突出体制机制支撑。精准扶贫各项政策全方位铺开,我国农村贫困人口减少1240万,农村贫困人口的生产生活进一步改善,发展机会进一步增加。为期五年的脱贫攻坚战役刚刚打响,尚未脱贫的多是贫中之贫、困中之困之人,脱贫任务仍然十分艰巨,精准扶贫工作和农村贫困人口人权保障,仍有诸多工作需要落实和改进,特别是要治理精准扶贫中的“权力滥用”问题,警惕精准扶贫中的“形式主义”,及时解决光伏扶贫等政策落地难问题,预判和消减精准扶贫与人权保障中的消极因素。

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    Abstract

    2016 is the beginning year of the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” and that of a poverty alleviation battle,in which policy of targeted poverty alleviation has entered a completely new stage.The supporting system of targeted poverty alleviation is basically established,emphasizing objectives management and differentiated measures,enhancing the support of fiscal,finance and land policy,highlighting the institutional and mechanical support.All policies where of have been comprehensively implemented,by which China's rural population in poverty has been reduced by 12.4 million and the agricultural production and living of the rural poor population further improved,and opportunity to development further expanded.However,the battle of poverty alleviation that will last for 5 years is just getting started.Poverty alleviation is still a formidable mission,since most of the poor populations who are left to be lifted out of poverty and backwardness are the poorest and the least developed.Therefore,numerous tasks of poverty alleviation and human rights protection of rural poor population still needs to be implemented and improved,especially the governance of abuse of power,the precaution of formalism wherein,the effective solutions to the difficulty of implementation of such policy as poverty alleviation by photovoltaic power generation program timely and the effective solutions to reduce and eliminate negative elements of targeted poverty alleviation.

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    作者简介
    郑若瀚:郑若瀚,西南政法大学人权研究院讲师,主要研究方向为发展权、经济法。
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