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    2017年中国劳动保障事业发展状况

    摘要

    本文从促进就业创业、社会保障、劳动关系和企业工资分配四个方面简要回顾了党的十八大以来我国劳动保障事业取得的长足发展和显著成就,阐述了2016年的新进展和新突破。党的十八大以来,劳动保障工作坚持以人民为中心的发展理念,主动适应经济发展新常态,深入实施就业优先战略和更加积极的就业政策,就业局势总体稳定,就业总量继续扩大,就业结构持续改善,就业质量不断提高,覆盖城乡的公共就业服务体系基本形成,人力资源市场机制进一步完善,大力加强针对性职业培训,职业能力建设进一步推进。深入推进社会保障制度改革,覆盖城乡的社会保障制度基本建立,实施全民参保计划,社会保险覆盖面不断扩大,社会保险基金收支保持基本平衡,社会保障待遇水平不断提高,社会保险经办能力不断增强,社会保险公共服务的便捷性和可及性不断提高。劳动关系总体和谐稳定,探索建立与社会主义市场经济体制相适应的劳动关系协调机制和劳动争议调处机制,劳动合同制度全面实行,集体协商和集体合同制度深入推进。企业工资分配制度改革不断深化,企业工资决定机制和正常增长机制逐步形成,最低工资标准正常调整机制普遍建立。劳动保障政策制度体系不断健全完善。本文还阐释了当前和未来一个时期劳动保障工作的主要任务,分析了劳动保障事业面临的挑战,提出了进一步推进劳动保障事业发展的思考和建议。 <<
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    Abstract

    This paper has simply reviewed the substantial development and remarkable achievements that China has obtained since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012 and have elaborated the new progress & breakthrough in 2016 in the field of labour and social security from the following four aspects,i.e.,employment and self-employment promotion,social security,labour relation,and corporate wage & income distribution.

    Ever since the convening of the 18th CPC National Congress,the people-centered development philosophy has been adhered to labour and social security undertaking.Human resources and social security departments at all levels take initiatives to adapt to the new normal of economic development.

    In terms of employment and self-employment promotion:Employment first strategy and a more active employment policy have been thoroughly implemented.The overall employment has witnessed a stable performance,with total employment remaining an on-going increasing tendency.Employment structure has been improved continuously.Employment quality keeps an increasingly improvement trend.The public employment service delivery system covering both urban and rural China has been developed.An integrated management mechanism on human resource market has been further improved.More efforts have been made on targeted vocational training.Occupational capacity building has been further pushed forward.

    In terms of social security:The social security system reform has been further promoted.A social security system covering both urban and rural residents has been established in China.With the implementation of universal coverage plan,the factual coverage of social insurance system has been extended constantly.The income and expenditure of social insurance funds can basically keep balance.Social security benefits have been increased gradually and continuously.The capacity of social insurance administration agencies and staff has been constantly improved.Social insurance public services are increasingly and more easily accessible to the target people.

    In terms of labour relation:Labour relation has witnessed a harmonious and stable performance as a whole.It has been explored in developing the labour relation coordination and labour disputes mediation & settlement mechanism which are compatible with the socialist market economic system.Labour contract system has been carried out comprehensively.Collective bargaining and collective contract system have been deeply pushed forward.

    In terms of corporate wage & income distribution:Reform on corporate wage distribution system has been deepening continuously.Corporate wage determination and regularly increase mechanism have been developed gradually.Minimum wage regularly adjustment mechanism has been universally established across China.

    In addition,labour and social security policy & institutional system has been improving constantly.In this paper,the key objectives and main missions of the China's labour and social security undertaking currently and in the near future have been expounded.And analysis has also been made on the opportunities and challenges faced by such undertaking in the same period.Ideas and policy proposals have been put forward on how to further facilitate the development of this undertaking in China.

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    作者简介
    刘燕斌:刘燕斌,中国劳动保障科学研究院院长、研究员,国务院政府特殊津贴专家,主要研究方向为劳动和社会保障政策。
    邸妍:邸妍,中国劳动保障科学研究院室主任、研究员,主要研究方向为劳动和社会保障政策及公共服务标准化。
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