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    贫困地区学龄儿童发展现状调查(2014)

    摘要

    贫困地区学龄儿童发展现状调查从学生身体健康、教师对学生心理健康的评价、学生在校生活条件保障、学校教育资源配置四个方面,进行省会城市小学与贫困县小学(乡镇中心小学、村小、教学点)两者之间,以及省会城市小学、贫困县乡镇中心小学和村小、教学点三者间的综合对比,发现卫生习惯不良和营养搭配不合理仍是影响贫困地区学龄儿童身体健康的两大因素,乡镇中心小学学龄儿童的心理健康问题最为突出,贫困地区村小、教学点学龄儿童的基本在校生活条件保障不足,其教育资源分配与乡镇中心校相比差距极大。

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    Abstract

    An investigation on current development situation of school-age children was conducted based on four dimensions:student physical health,teachers’ evaluation of psychological health on students,student learning conditions in school,and school education resources distribution. The investigation compared elementary schools in provincial capitals with those in poor counties;it also further comprehensively compared elementary schools in capital cities with those in townships,villages and teaching spots. It was found that unhealthy life habits and nutrient absorb were two most hidden concerns for poor areas school-age children’s physical health. The psychological health problems for school-age children in township central elementary schools were most serious. The school-age children in poor areas village elementary schools and teaching spots had insufficient basic boarding conditions,and their education resources access was far less than the township central elementary schools.

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    作者简介
    秦红宇:秦红宇,21世纪教育研究院副研究员。
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