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    中国海洋渔业转型发展报告(2003~2015)

    摘要

    近年来,我国海洋生态环境退化速度加快等一系列问题频发,海洋渔业转型势在必行。海洋渔业转型可以防止我国渔业资源持续衰退,推动我国海洋渔业产业发展,完善我国海洋渔业社会体系。海洋渔业转型是一项系统工程,包括海洋捕捞向海水养殖转型、粗放型养殖向生态型养殖转型、商业性渔业向休闲渔业转型以及近海捕捞向远洋捕捞转型。我国在海洋渔业转型过程中取得了一定成绩,但也存在一些问题,例如外来渔民流动性大、传统海洋渔业文化有待保护、渔业油价补贴事与愿违、海洋环境污染加剧等,此外,还出现了国际市场疲软等新情况。海洋渔业转型至关重要,首先在思想观念上,应该将海洋渔业转型提高到海洋强国战略高度,注重海洋渔业全产业链转型。在转型过程中,增强全国统筹管理、加强国际协同合作等措施将发挥积极作用。

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    Abstract

    The occurrences of problems such as degradation of Chinese marine ecological environment become more often in recent years,so the transition of marine fisheries is imperative.The transition of marine fisheries can prevent the decline of fishery resources,promote the development of marine fisheries industry and improve the marine fisheries social system.The transition of marine fisheries is a systematic project,including transition from marine fishing to marine aquaculture,transition from extensive aquaculture to ecotype aquaculture,transition from commercial fisheries to recreational fisheries and transition from offshore fishing to deep sea fishing.Although some achievements has been made in the transition of Chinese marine fishery,there are still some problems,such as the high mobility of immigrating workers,the lack of effective protection of traditional marine fisheries culture,subsidy on fishing diesel oil and its unforeseen outcomes,and intensifying marine environmental pollution.In addition,the international fisheries market experiences weakness.The importance of transition of marine fishing can never be over emphasized.First of the all,transition of marine fishing must be paid enough attention and to the same level of importance of sea power nation strategy.Measures such as,focusing on the transition of whole-industry-chain of marine fishery,strengthening the national level coordination and managements,increasing international cooperation,will play an active role in the transition and improvement of Chinese marine fisheries.

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    作者简介
    陈晔:陈晔(1983~ ),男,浙江镇海人,上海海洋大学经济管理学院讲师,博士,研究方向:海洋经济与文化。
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