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    长江经济带服务业发展报告

    摘要

    大力发展高品质的生活性服务业和专业化的生产性服务业,既能促进长江经济带产业融合发展,又能提高长江经济带国际竞争力。本报告定量考察长江经济带服务业整体发展状况以及金融业、批发和零售业、房地产业、旅游业等重点行业,发现长江经济带服务业整体发展呈良好态势,地区差距较大,下游地区综合发展水平处于领先地位。本报告采用K-means聚类分析法对长江经济带服务业发展水平进行聚类分析,结果显示上海市服务业综合水平处于领先地位,除贵州省以外其他省份发展潜力较大。从无污染、环境约束两个角度考察长江经济带服务业全要素生产率,结果表明2014年以前技术效率推动长江经济带服务业全要素生产率增长,2014年以后技术进步推动长江经济带服务业全要素生产率增长。“十三五”期间,为促进长江经济带服务业持续健康发展,需坚持创新发展、协调发展、开放发展理念,推进长江经济带服务业合作发展、融合发展、集聚发展、创新发展。

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    Abstract

    To develop high-quality consumer services and special producer services can not only promote the industry convergence and development,but also improve the international competitiveness of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. By studying the development status of the service industry and key industries,such as financial industry,the report found that the Yangtze River Economic Belt service industry as a whole showed a good momentum of development,however,there was a big gap among the regions. For example,the comprehensive development level of the downstream area is at a leading position. Then,the report analyzed the development level of service industry by K-means clustering analysis. The results show that on the one hand,the comprehensive level of service industry in Shanghai is in a leading position,on the other hand,besides Guizhou Province,the development potential of other provinces and cities is better. By studying the total factor productivity from two aspects of pollution and environmental constraints,the results show that technical efficiency will promote the total factor productivity of the Yangtze River Economic Belt before 2014,however,technical progress begins to take effect after 2014. Through the above research,the report suggests that In order to promote the sustained and healthy development of service industry during the period of “13th Five-Year”,we need to adhere to the concept of innovation and development,coordinated development and open development,and promote the cooperative development,integration,development,agglomeration and innovation of the service sector in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

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    作者简介
    郑开元:郑开元,武汉大学经济与管理学院区域经济学专业博士研究生。
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