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    长江经济带农业绿色发展报告

    摘要

    长江经济带是我国重要的农业主产区,近年来长江经济带农业经济状况和生产状况均呈良好态势。2011~2015年长江经济带农林牧渔业总产值占全国农业总产值的比重保持在40%左右,2015年长江经济带水稻、马铃薯、油菜、柑橘、猪肉等优势农产品的产量规模均占全国一半以上。长江经济带农业碳排放总量持续增加,占全国农业碳排放总量的比重保持在36%左右,其中长江经济带中游地区是长江经济带农业碳排放的主要区域。结合方向性距离函数、SBM模型和GML指数测算2011~2015年长江经济带农业绿色全要素生产率变化指数,结果表明近年来长江经济带农业绿色全要素生产率持续改善,长江经济带上游和下游地区及大部分沿线省份都表现良好,但也呈现出较大的地区差异。长江经济带农业发展的重点:积极推进优势农业、特色农业发展,加强农业生态环境保护,推动农业协同发展。

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    Abstract

    The Yangtze River Economic Belt is an important agricultural main producing area in China. In recent years,the agricultural economy and yield of the Yangtze River Economic Belt had shown a good trend. In the respect of yield value,the total output value of agriculture grown steadily from 2011 to 2015 in the Yangtze River Economic Belt,accounting for about 40% of China's total agricultural yield value. In the respect of yield,the yield of farming,animal husbandry and fishery basically maintained growth from 2011 to 2015 in the Yangtze River Economic Belt,the proportion also showed an upward trend,and the yield scale of rice,potato,rape,citrus and pork accounted for more than half of China's total yield. The total amount of agricultural carbon emissions in the Yangtze River Economic Belt also continued to increase,accounting for around 36% of China's total agricultural carbon emissions,and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River Economic Belt is the main area of agricultural carbon emissions. Based on the directional distance function,SBM model and GML index,this report calculated green total factor productivity of agriculture in the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2011 to 2015. The results showed that the total green productivity of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has been improved continuously in recent years,the upper reaches and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Economic Belt performed well, but accompanied with a large regional difference, so do most of the provinces along the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The focus of agricultural development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt is to promote the dominant agricultural products and characteristic agricultural products,strengthen the protection of agricultural ecological environment and improve the collaborative development of agriculture.

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    作者简介
    吴传清:吴传清,武汉大学经济与管理学院教授、区域经济学专业博士生导师,武汉大学中国主体功能区战略研究院副院长,武汉大学区域经济研究中心主任,长江大学长江经济带发展研究院执行院长;
    宋子逸:宋子逸,武汉大学经济与管理学院区域经济学硕士研究生。
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