您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册|
您现在所在的位置:首页
更多>> 课题组动态
更多>> 专题子库
汽车产业
    汽车产业作为我国制造业的重要组成部分,是《中国制造2025》制... 详情>>
更多>> 皮书作者
王伟光
    男,汉族,1950年2月出生,山东海阳人。1967年11月参加工作,1972年11月加入中国共产党,博士研究生学历,教授,博士生导... 详情>>
李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    联通喜马拉雅 对接“一带一路”——对建设中尼印经济走廊的思考

    摘要

    中国政府的“一带一路”倡议本身就孕育着中尼印经济走廊这样的次区域合作种子,而尼泊尔2015年“4·25”强震更是催生出这样的强烈需求。尽管中尼印三国尚未认真磋商共建经济走廊事宜,但学界早已有探讨。本文着重强调了中尼印经济走廊建设能够满足六大需求的重要意义,六大需求即填补跨喜马拉雅区域发展洼地的需求、平衡推进中国与南亚互联互通的需求、对外转移中国过剩产能的需求、稳步推进中印“更加紧密的发展合作伙伴关系”的需求、陆海对接中国“一带一路”建设的需求以及尝试突破南亚地缘安全困局的需求。对于中尼印三国而言,推进经济走廊建设的时机已成熟。一方面,尼泊尔政治转型几近完成,为经济走廊建设提供了政治保障;另一方面,中印两国已为经济走廊建设奠定了良好的基础。经济走廊建设将极大地发挥尼泊尔地处两大市场之间的地缘位置优势,盘活文化资源、世界第二丰富的水力资源以及青藏高原带来的独特人文旅游资源等。然而,中尼印经济走廊建设不会一蹴而就,将不得不克服诸多挑战,如来自印度传统地缘政治思维的干扰、印度市场保护主义的干扰、各种非传统安全威胁的干扰。鉴于此,在推进经济走廊建设的过程中,中尼印三国尤其是中国要有足够的耐心与定力,要通盘考量,既要考虑尼泊尔的承受力与接受度,也要考虑印度的敏感性与承受力。总之,本文认为,在逆全球化现象日益明显、自由贸易陷入低迷、保护主义与民粹主义大行其道的今天,中印两个东方大国有理由、有义务主动担当,填补因美欧等西方经济体的收缩甚至退出而形成的区域合作空白,为地区发展提供更多公共产品与资源,拟议中的中尼印经济走廊建设既能极大地带动本区域的整体发展,又能充分展示中印两国“负责任新兴大国形象”。

    <<
    >>

    Abstract

    The “OBOR” initiative itself,proposed by the Chinese government,nurtures the sub-regional cooperation seeds,like the economic corridor among China,Nepal and India. The “April 25” earthquake occurred in Nepal gave rise to such a strong demand. Although the three countries have not yet seriously negotiated the matter concerning the joint establishment of the corridor,the academic community has discussed about it for long. This article focuses on emphasizing the importance of the construction of the economic corridor among China,Nepal and India in meeting six major demands,namely,the demand of filling up the low-lying land development across the trans-Himalayan region,the demand of promoting the interconnection between China and South Asia in parallel,the demand of transferring the surplus production capacity in China,the demand of steadily propelling the building of a “closer development partnership” between China and India,the demand of connecting the construction of China’s “OBOR” initiative by land and by sea,and the demand of trying to break through the geopolitical predicament in South Asia. For China,Nepal and India,the promotion of the corridor construction time is ripe. On the one hand,the political transformation of Nepal is almost complete,providing the political security for the corridor construction. On the other hand,China and India have laid a good foundation for the corridor construction. The corridor construction will vigorously activate the geographical location advantages and cultural resources between two major markets neighboring Nepal,the world’s second most abundant water resources and the unique humanistic tourism resources brought by the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,etc. Nevertheless,the corridor construction will not be built in one day. It will not be easy. Instead,it will have to overcome many challenges,such as the interference from the traditional Indian geopolitical thinking,the interference of the Indian market protectionism,and the interference of various non-traditional security threats. In this regard,in the process of promoting the corridor construction,the above three countries,China in particular,shall have enough patience and Samadhi and take into full account all the conditions. It is necessary for China to not only consider Nepal’s tolerance and acceptance,but also consider India’s sensitivity and tolerance. In short,the author believes that against the backdrop that the phenomenon of anti-globalization is increasingly obvious,the free trade is stuck in a downturn,and the protectionism and populism is well popular today,China and India,two major Eastern countries,shall have the reason and the obligation to take the initiative to fill in the regional cooperation vacancy formed due to the shrinkage or even exit of the United States,the Europe and other Western countries,thus providing more public goods and resources for the regional development. The author also believes that the economic corridor construction among China,Nepal,and India can not only greatly promote the overall development of the region,but fully demonstrate the images of both China and India,as two great,responsible,emerging nations.

    <<
    >>
    作者简介
    胡仕胜:胡仕胜,中国现代国际关系研究院南亚东南亚及大洋洲研究所所长,研究员、博士、博士生导师。
    <<
    >>
    相关报告