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    北京市小学家长择校状况的调查研究(2014~2016)

    摘要

    择校研究不仅要有规范的政策研究,注重择校的价值分析,还要有关于择校具体情况的事实研究,注重择校的现状分析。通过问卷调查、访谈和文本分析等方法,对北京市部分小学家长择校情况进行的调查研究表明:第一,家长给子女择校的时间越来越早,一些家长在子女刚出生或未出生时即买了学区房;第二,家长在择校过程中通过多个渠道获取信息,获取择校信息的渠道存在着家长学历、校际方面的明显差别;第三,影响家长择校的最重要因素是家长希望子女通过接受好的学校教育更好地成长,接送方便也是一个影响因素,子女的个性发展在择校中受到考虑的程度比较低;第四,择校对家庭的影响主要表现在家庭生活质量和经济压力方面,另外对接送子女和子女睡眠也有影响。本研究综合上述调查结果认为:第一,家长给子女择校的现象不会消除;第二,教育行政部门要正视和疏导“以房择校”;第三,增加家长对公立学校的选择空间;第四,帮助家长以最新教育改革理念为指导来“以房择校”。

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    Abstract

    Policy research on school choice which point is value analysis is important,and fact research on school choice which point is analysis on the present situation of school choice is also important. Based on the questionnaire survey,interview and text analysis,the research shows that:Firstly,the time that parents choose school for their children is more earlier and earlier,and some parents have buy school district housing when their children born or before that;Secondly,parents pick up information about school choice by several ways,differently with their educational background,and parents who choose different school have varied information channel;Thirdly,as to the reasons that parents make school choice,the most important is to provide their children better school education and hope their children to grow better,and another reason is to pick up children more easily,but children’s personal character is not seriously considered;Fourthly,as to school choice’s impact on the family,the quality of family life and the economics pressure are the most critical,and then picking up children and children’s sleep are also affected. The article’s conclusion are the following:Firstly,parent’s school choice will last for ever;Secondly,the administrative department for education should guide but not forbid parent’s choice of school for their children;Thirdly,the scope and right of school choice should be expanded;Fourthly,parent should get help to choice school with the newest educational idea.

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    作者简介
    涂元玲:涂元玲,北京教育学院副教授,教育学博士,研究方向为中小学教育、教育社会学、教育人类学。
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