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    武陵山片区扶贫政策评价及省际差异比较——基于专家、村干部及村民三重视...

    摘要

    武陵山片区作为率先启动“区域发展与扶贫攻坚”的连片特困区,其扶贫政策具有代表性。以“人”“业”“地”综合减贫思路为指导,在政策文件梳理以及基于专家、村干部和村民三重视角的定量评价基础上,发现自2011年以来片区扶贫政策出台密集,政策数量多且“政出多门”,政策重心由“片区扶贫”向“精准扶贫”转变,政策内容更加具体化和多元化,但也存在政策系统性不强、供需脱节和跨区域联合出台政策罕见等不足,并且政策设计和实施中面向“人”“地”“业”的政策逐渐减弱而实际成效上则是“地”“业”“人”改善程度依次递减,四省份(湖北、湖南、重庆、贵州)中湖南在政策设计和实施中表现相对较好,而湖北在政策成效上略微占优。进一步地,报告建议提升扶贫政策的整体性、系统性和跨省协同,建立科学的评估指标体系和方法,畅通政策设计、实施及成效间的反馈通道,补齐面向“业”的政策短板促进“人”“业”“地”扶贫政策正向耦合,以及汇编《政策手册简易版》让政策真正“进村入户”。

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    Abstract

    As the first Contiguous Destitute Area to implement Regional Development and Poverty Alleviation Strategy in 2011,Wuling Mountain Area’s poverty alleviation policy was considered as a good representative example. By applying the “People-Industry-Land”(PIL)Comprehensive Poverty Alleviation Analysis Frame to review policy documents and evaluate policy implementation quantitatively with triple perspective of experts,village cadres and villagers,this report showed that:(1)From 2011,there were lots of poverty relief policies had been put forward intensively and which came from diverse government departments,the focus of policy changed from “regional poverty relief” to “targeted poverty relief” and the contents of policy were more and more specific and diverse;(2)However,the policies as a whole was not enough systematically,mismatching of demands and supplies,short of cross-regional coalition polices were three obvious deficiencies of Wuling Mountain Area’s poverty alleviation policy;(3)Policies for “People” were more emphasized than policies for “Land” and “Industry” on policy design and implementation stages,while the performance was difference that the improvement degree of “Land” higher than “Industry” and “People” successively;(4)Provincial differences comparison showed that Hunan province’s poverty relief policy design and implementation were best among 4 provinces,meanwhile,Hubei province’s poverty alleviation effect of policy slightly better than others. Lastly,the report proposed 5 suggestions as follow:(1)Designing and implementing poverty alleviation policy integrally,systematically and making sure cross-regional coordination;(2)Constructing scientific policy assessment indexes and methods for evaluating poverty alleviation policy design,implementation and effect;(3)Building and running well feedback channel between policy designer,implementer and performance estimator;(4)Promoting policy for “Industry” and making the policies for “People”,“Industry”,“Land” coupling well;(5)Compiling a simple edition of policy summary that making policies can be easily understood and accepted by villagers and the poor.

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    作者简介
    丁建军:丁建军,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域经济与产业经济。
    殷强:殷强,博士研究生,研究方向为生态扶贫。
    李琼:李琼,教授,博士生导师。
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