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    长江中游城市群生态文明建设协同发展报告

    摘要

    中共十九大将生态文明建设重视程度提升到全新的高度,加强湘、赣、鄂三省的生态文明建设协同发展是实现长江中游城市群可持续发展的关键。本文构建了生态文明综合评价指标体系,对2010~2015年长江中游城市群生态文明建设协同发展状况从生态响应、生态社会、生态经济三个维度进行了评价,研究表明:①长江中游地区生态文明建设整体有向好的趋势,但28个地级市之间的生态文明建设水平存在区域差异,呈现“U”形变化特征;三大城市群内部生态文明建设水平差异明显。②28个地级城市之间生态文明建设大部分处于中度失调及以下的水平,整体表现出协同发展水平不高的特征;空间分布上,呈现“三足鼎立”的态势,协同发展最好的有武汉市、长沙市、南昌市;三大城市群内部生态文明建设协同发展方面,武汉城市圈的生态文明建设的协调程度较低,环长株潭城市群生态文明建设协调程度略优于武汉城市圈,环鄱阳湖城市群生态文明建设协调性相对较好,但协调程度依旧不高。最后,详细分析了长江中游城市群在生态屏障、绿色发展、共建机制等方面存在的问题,提出了生态文明建设协同发展四大任务,并制定了建设与山脉水系相融合的宜居宜业宜游城镇群、打造具有重要影响力的生态型城市群、加快建设“两型”社会引领区、建立科学完善的国土空间开发和保护制度、强化生态环境综合治理的联防联控能力等五大建议。

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    Abstract

    The 19th National Congress of CPC raises the importance of ecological establishment to a brand new height,strengthen the construction of ecological civilization of Hunan Hubei and Jiangxi Province collaborative development is the key to realize the sustainable development of city in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river.Firstly,the paper explains the background of the construction of ecological civilization in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river,clarifies its connotation and significance,and the typical model of ecological civilization system combing the domestic and international city group construction,and summarizes the current situation of the construction of ecological civilization in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River City group.Secondly,builds a comprehensive evaluation system of ecological civilization,through the evaluation of ecological response,ecological society,ecological economy and ecological civilization construction,calculate the level of the Yangtze River city group on the basis of reference,the coordination model of physics,we construct ecological civilization construction coordination evaluation model,and calculates the each city synergy index of ecological civilization.Finally,analysis and summarizes the main problems of the coordinated development of ecological civilization construction in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river,the main task of the coordinated development of ecological civilization construction and Countermeasures of promoting coordinated development of ecological civilization construction.In this paper,the ecological civilization construction of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River is discussed,and the main conclusions are drawn:(1)During the period of 2010-2015,There are regional differences between the level of ecological civilization construction of 28 cities,and presents the shape of “U” changes;three city groups within the construction of ecological civilization level difference is obvious;the construction of ecological civilization in the middle reaches of Yangtze River is becoming to better.(2)During the period of 2010-2015,between the 28 city of ecological civilization construction in the most moderate disorders and below the level of the overall performance of coordination development level is not high;from the spatial distribution,present a situation of tripartite confrontation,the three time in Wuhan City,the highest is Changsha City,Nanchang city,coordinated development of three city groups the construction of ecological civilization,the coordination degree of Wuhan city circle of ecological civilization construction is low,the Changsha Zhuzhou Xiangtan city group of ecological civilization construction coordination degree is better than the Wuhan city circle,Poyang Lake city group construction of ecological civilization coordination is relatively better than others,but the degree of coordination is still not high.(3)Analyzed the problems of the ecological barrier,green development,the cooperation mechanism,put forward 4 major tasks and 5 suggestions of the construction of ecological civilization coordinated development.Such as to build eco city group,to construct “two oriented” society leading area,to establish a scientific and perfect land space development and protection system.

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    作者简介
    贺清云:贺清云,湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院教授、博士生导师,湖南省人民政府参事,主要研究方向为人文地理、区域经济学,近年来承担国家自然科学基金项目等30余项,发表论文40多篇,出版专著、教材多部。
    许骏:许骏,湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院博士研究生,主要研究方向为区域经济与区域发展。
    欧阳晓:欧阳晓,湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市化与区域可持续发展。
    邓杉文奇:邓杉文奇,湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院硕士研究生,主要研究方向为区域经济与区域发展。
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