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王伟光
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    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>
李培林
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    疏解北京城市人口的战略、策略、思路与对策思考

    摘要

    有效疏解北京城市人口,一是宏观战略谋划——着眼京津冀一体化发展,立足城市功能定位。二是中观域内策划,四大功能区域内整合协调、域外错位互补发展。三是顶层设计要强化依法治理人口、大人口地理数据和促进人口流出“三大理念”。四是若干实施思路——建设城市副中心;优化核心区功能和产业结构;创新交通布局积极引导功能和人口外迁;控制房地产规模并保持购租房适度成本;提升农村宅基地规划建造水准,把投机型“瓦片经济”升级为恒产型“楼宇经济”;盘活城市空间和房产;提高不可置换资源的使用或消耗成本,提升核心区经营和生活成本。在此基础上,统筹政府、市场与社会的合力,坚决实施首都功能、产业、组织机构及人口向外疏解。

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    Abstract

    Effective evacuation of population from the overcrowded Beijing depends on four pillars. The first is the macro-strategy taking into account the integrated development of Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei Province. The second is the programming on the middle level for the integration and coordination of the four functional districts within Beijing jurisdiction and the distinct but supplementary development within and without the jurisdiction. The third is the top-down design requires strengthening legal governance of population,management of big demo-geographic data,and facilitation of population outflow. The fourth consists of several ideas of implementation—building of sub-city center;optimizing the functions of core areas and their industrial structure;improving the programming of and construction on rural housing land;upgrading the speculation-oriented economy of makeshift building into large scale economy of quality building;revitalizing urban land and houses and premises;raising the cost of using or depleting irreplaceable resources,thereby raising the cost of operation and life in the core areas. Based on the four pillars,the forces of the government,market and society will be integrated and coordinated to carry out the evacuation of some functions,industries,organizations and population from the overcrowded capital city.

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    作者简介
    尹志刚:尹志刚,北京市人口研究所(北京市人口发展研究中心),教授。
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