您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册|
您现在所在的位置:首页
更多>> 课题组动态
更多>> 专题子库
创新驱动发展
    创新作为今日中国“五大发展理念”之首,逐步成为国家长期发展... 详情>>
更多>> 皮书作者
王伟光
    男,汉族,1950年2月出生,山东海阳人。1967年11月参加工作,1972年11月加入中国共产党,博士研究生学历,教授,博士生导... 详情>>
李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    中国对拉美地区投资情况回顾与展望

    摘要

    中国对拉美直接投资具有以下显著特点。首先,拉美是中国对外直接投资的重要目的地,但对拉美的投资大量流向离岸金融中心。2006年以来中国对拉美直接投资存量占比有下降趋势。其次,中国日益成为拉美重要的资金来源国。最后,与中国对其他地区的投资相比,中国对拉美直接投资的数量波动更大。中国对拉美各国的投资具有不同的特点,体现在投资行业、投资动机、投资方式等方面。近年中国对阿根廷和厄瓜多尔的投资逐步增加,对巴西的投资迅速上升,对委内瑞拉和秘鲁的投资有所下降,对墨西哥和哥伦比亚的投资则相对稳定。中国对拉美投资可以初步分为两类:一类是拉美国家本身具有比较优势、资源禀赋丰富的行业,如矿业、石油、粮食等;另一类是中国企业具有优势的行业,基础设施建设、制造业和服务业等。中国对拉投资的行业特点是,逐步从能源矿产向农业、服务业、基础设施、制造业等多个领域拓展。从投资金额看,国有企业在中国对拉美直接投资中占主导地位,在特定国家(如委内瑞拉)这个比例几乎在90%以上。

    预期2017年中国对拉美地区的直接投资量将继续增加。随着中国与拉美政治经济关系日益紧密,中国对拉美直接投资增长速度可能会加快。拉美占中国对外直接投资的比重长期来看有可能略有下降,但中国占拉美吸引外商直接投资的比重则有可能上升。中国在拉美的投资将更多地由政府主导转变为市场化运作,中国对拉美国家的投资也将更加务实。

    <<
    >>

    Abstract

    China direct investment in Latin America has several distinctive features:Latin America is an important destination for China’s outbound direct investment (ODI),but large amount of the investment in Latin America flows to offshore financial centers. The proportion of China’s direct investment stock in Latin America has been declining since 2006;China is increasingly becoming an important source off unding for Latin America;China’s investment in Latin America is more volatile than in other regions. The investment in different Latin American countries has different characteristics,reflected in the types of industries,incentives,forms of investment and other aspects. In recent years,China’s investment in Argentina and Ecuador has increased gradually,in Brazil has grown rapidly,in Venezuela and Peru has declined,and in Mexico and Colombia has been relatively stable. China’s investment in Latin America can be divided into two categories:one is the investment in industries that Latin American countries have comparative advantages and rich resources,including mining,oil,food and other industries;the other focuses on the industries that Chinese companies have advantages,including infrastructure,manufacturing and services. China’s investment in the industry of Latin America is characterized by a gradual expansion from energy and minerals to agriculture,services,infrastructure,manufacturing and other fields. In terms of the value of the investment,state-owned enterprises have a dominative role in China’s direct investment in Latin America,and the proportion could reach nearly 90% or more in particular countries (Venezuela for example). It is anticipated that China’s direct investment in Latin America will continue to grow in 2017. Although the share of Latin America in China’s ODI may decline slightly in the long run,China’s share in Latin America’s FDI is likely to increase. Transforming from government-led operation to market-oriented operation,China’s investment in Latin America will be more pragmatic.

    <<
    >>
    作者简介
    <<
    >>
    相关报告