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中国青年发展报告No.3

书 名: 中国青年发展报告No.3
英 文 名: REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF YOUTH IN CHINA No.3
作 者:  张良驯 邓希泉 孙宏艳 郭元凯
I S B N: 978-7-5201-6531-0
丛 书 名: 青年发展蓝皮书 订阅
关 键 词:  青年发展 研究报告 中国
出版日期: 2020-07-01

中文摘要

就业是民生之本,实现建档立卡贫困人口中大学生更充分、更高质量的就业,是国家精准扶贫的重要内容。本书采用问卷调查和访谈法,通过对20个国家级贫困县6000多名高校大学生的系统调查和科学分析,切实了解和掌握了我国建档立卡贫困人口中大学生就业发展、利益诉求和相关服务等基本情况。除附录外,全书分为总报告、调查篇、专题篇和工作篇,共计15篇报告。其中,调查篇主要探寻建档立卡贫困人口中在校大学生的就业认知情况和毕业大学生的基本就业情况,重点了解建档立卡贫困人口中在校大学生的就业倾向、就业能力和建档立卡贫困人口中大学毕业生的就业走向、就业质量以及创业现状、存在的问题等。专题篇系统考察了家庭贫困、就业歧视、教育投入以及社会支持等与建档立卡贫困人口中大学生就业之间的关系,探讨影响该群体就业发展的因素及背后的逻辑等。工作篇总结了政府、高校、共青团在开展建档立卡贫困人口中大学生就业帮扶工作中的成功经验,同时通过政策分析来评估现有政策及具体工作中存在的问题,提出具体的改进路径与措施。研究发现:建档立卡贫困人口中大学生的学习成绩整体较好,具有较强的奋斗意识;已毕业大学生基本实现了充分就业,就业形态呈相对多元化,就业满意度整体较高;在校大学生的就业心态平和稳定,就业认知客观理性;政府以及相关主体出台的就业政策不断完善,就业支持体系初步建立。但调查结果也表明建档立卡贫困人口中大学生存在如下问题:就业能力相对不足,职业生涯规划不清晰;就业压力和职场压力突出,择业成本普遍较高;家庭资本较为匮乏,社会支持不够;就业观念相对保守,存在求稳、求近心态以及就业政策感知度较低,政策获得感普遍不强等。需要通过进一步增加政策供给、持续优化就业创业环境,创新高校人才培养模式、提高群体就业能力,以及加强政策宣传解读、增强大学生政策获得感等来促进建档立卡贫困人口中大学生就业稳步发展。

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