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新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本)

书 名: 新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本)
英 文 名: NEW CLASSICAL ECONOMICS AND INFRAMARGINAL ANALYSIS
作 者: 杨小凯 张永生
I S B N: 978-7-5201-6459-7
丛 书 名: 社科文献学术文库·经济研究系列 订阅
关 键 词:  新兴古典经济学 超边际分析 分工 专业化
出版日期: 2020-06-01

中文摘要

新兴古典经济学是杨小凯教授开创的经济学体系,主要贡献是运用现代超边际分析方法,复活古典的分工与专业化思想。分工是经济增长的源泉,而分工依赖的交易又会产生交易费用。因此,交易效率就对分工水平提高和经济发展起着决定性作用,而交易效率则取决于外在条件和制度。随着交易效率的提高,分工水平会不断提升,而经济增长、贸易、产业结构、企业组织、工业化、城市化、宏观经济等现象,都是分工的不同侧面,可以统一在一个分析框架内进行解释,不再需要像新古典框架下形成各自独立的部门经济学。

本书是唯一一本完全不用数学的新兴古典经济学著作,没有繁琐的公式与推导,读来非常轻松有趣。它用通俗的语言和优美的文笔,借助直观的经济学故事与图表,将一门具有深厚理论基础与严格论证的新兴前沿学科,以非常有趣的方式,缓缓呈现在读者面前。

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CommonID:DIR_71109159,ID:12064308,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655268,name:第5章 新兴古典企业理论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 5 New Classical Theory of the Firm,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先界定了什么是企业,其组成须满足3个条件:不对称剩余控制权、收益的剩余权、获利目标;其次介绍企业诞生的原因,包括交易费用的差别;第三介绍企业产权结构的经济学意义,主要理论有科斯定理、不完全合约理论;第四介绍新兴古典企业理论,劳动交易效率与中间产品交易效率的差异决定了企业的出现与谁到老板;第五介绍了私人剩余权对经济效率的意义,企业家的剩余权是经济增长的原动力。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:3593,107370,65513,560031,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064307,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_005,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:15,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064309,DownCount:36,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典企业理论,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典企业理论,_RowNo:11
CommonID:DIR_71109166,ID:12064311,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655269,name:第6章 内生交易费用和分工演进,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 6 Endogenous Transaction Costs and the Evolution of Division of Labor,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先介绍了内生交易费用及其对分工的影响,主要研究包括道德风险、不完全信息等;其次介绍道德风险与合约设计对内生交易费用的影响,对商品或服务实行相机合约价格成为减少因道德风险引发的内生交易费用之关键;第三介绍对策论模型中的内生交易费用,包括纳什对策模型、贝叶斯均衡模型、子对策完美均衡模型;第四讨论为什么市场可减少内生交易费用,市场多边议价的功能是形成非人格的市价;最后讨论序贯均衡模型中的内生交易费用,认为信息和对策的交互作用也影响结局。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:99306,47841,560032,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064310,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_006,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:16,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064312,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:内生交易费用和分工演进,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:内生交易费用和分工演进,_RowNo:12
CommonID:DIR_71109179,ID:12064314,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655270,name:第7章 新兴古典城市化理论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 7 New Classical Theory of Urbanization,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先讨论为什么会出现城市和城乡差别,新兴古典城市化的一般均衡模型显示城市的起源、城乡的分离都是分工演进的结果;其次探讨为什么集中交易可以改进交易效率,包括两类聚集效益,第Ⅰ类聚集效益认为从事制造业的人集中居住便于改进交易效率和促进分工,第Ⅱ类聚集效益认为分工的网络效应和集中交易能提高交易效率;第三分析决定居住格局与城乡地价差别的机制,每个人消费的土地,以及其所在城市是不是交易中心, 直接决定着他们效用的大小;第四分析最优城市结构层次及其形成;最后指出新兴古典同新古典城市化模型的区别。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:161206,560033,560034,3374,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064313,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_007,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:22,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064315,DownCount:34,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典城市化理论,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典城市化理论,_RowNo:13
CommonID:DIR_71109185,ID:12064317,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655271,name:第8章 新兴古典工业化和层级结构理论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 8 New Classical Theories of Industrialization and Hierarchical Structure,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先讨论了新机器和新技术如何出现,交易效率的改进可以通过促进分工,使新的机器及有关的新技术出现;其次探讨迂回生产链条长度如何增加,交易效率、分工、经济的自由化程度等都有利于生产迂回程度的提高;第三分析了工农业收入比重变化及转型期二元结构的原因,农产品交易效率低,农业生产的季节性使分工的协调费用很高,不利于农业分工发展;第四表明企业制度会随分工发展而加速复杂化,分层组织结构就常被市场用来组织和协调复杂的分工;最后指出分层结构模型可能会产生不对称的收入分配和竞争程度,从而形成分层的竞争结构。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:560035,67323,66368,318507,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064316,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_008,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:15,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064318,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典工业化和层级结构理论,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典工业化和层级结构理论,_RowNo:14
CommonID:DIR_71109192,ID:12064320,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655272,name:第9章 新兴古典产权理论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 9 New Classical Theory of Property Rights,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先介绍了产权经济学的发展,包括其基本思想与发展脉络;其次介绍了交易中的不确定性与产权经济学,产权保护的增进会增加每个交易的可靠性;第三介绍了保险与分工的发展,保险减少内生交易费用促进分工;第四分析产权界定效率对交易费用和分工的影响,考虑产权界定效率提高时,节省外生交易费用和内生交易费用的两难冲突;第五分析精确界定产权与同行竞争的替代性,考虑竞争程度与分工水平及协调可靠性难以兼顾的两难冲突;第六探讨产权的模糊度与外部效果,即节省界定产权的外生交易费用与节省产权界定不清引起的内生交易费用之间的两难冲突问题;最后介绍了新兴古典产权理论的应用分析。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:157270,7262,107370,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064319,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_009,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:15,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064321,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典产权理论,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典产权理论,_RowNo:15
CommonID:DIR_71109200,ID:12064323,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655273,name:第10章 分工的自发演进和社会组织试验,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 10 Spontaneous Evolution in Division of Labor and Experiments with Social Organizations,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先介绍分工如何随时间流逝而内生演进,这一自发过程是每个人从自利出发进行动态最优决策,决策后果也会随时间的流逝而演变和动态自利决策交互作用的影响;其次分析人类对组织的知识如何决定分工水平,获得有关分工组织信息的好处与获得信息的费用之间存在两难冲突;第三分析组织信息和分工同时演进的过程,人类对分工组织的知识决定分工水平,而分工水平决定人类获取技术知识的能力及生产率;第四分析自发的制度改革与有意的制度模仿,后进国家可以利用先进国家自发积累的组织信息进行创造性地模仿;最后分析新兴古典组织理论对研究中国经济的意义。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:560036,154334,560037,318798,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064322,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_010,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:24,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064324,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:分工的自发演进和社会组织试验,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:分工的自发演进和社会组织试验,_RowNo:16
CommonID:DIR_71109206,ID:12064326,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655274,name:第11章 新兴古典宏观经济学,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 11 New Classical Macroeconomics,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先介绍了新兴古典资本理论,把古典经济学家关于分工和资本之间关系的故事变成了动态全部均衡模型;其次介绍了新兴古典货币理论,当交易效率参数在商品之间不同时,有最高交易效率的商品将充当货币;第三介绍了新兴古典失业理论,有三种失业解释方法;第四介绍了新兴古典景气循环理论,景气循环与耐用商品生产中的高分工水平有关,也与耐用商品的折旧周期有关,景气循环不见得是坏事,它可能有促进生产力发展的意义;最后将新兴古典失业和景气循环理论同其他理论进行比较,并应用与分析论分析中国的经济周期。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:418611,6179,58004,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064325,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_011,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:21,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064327,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典宏观经济学,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典宏观经济学,_RowNo:17
CommonID:DIR_71109213,ID:12064329,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:655275,name:第12章 新兴古典经济学的经验性证据,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Chapter 12 Empirical Evidence for New Classical Economics,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:12064276,AbstractCH:本文首先介绍经济研究分类及其相互关系,根据经济研究的性质,我们可以将其分为纯理论研究、应用理论研究、经验性研究和应用研究4种类型;其次介绍新兴古典内生增长理论的经验证据,经济增长并不单是一个资源分配问题, 而是经济组织演进的问题,市场发育、技术进步只是组织演进的结果;第三介绍新兴古典产权理论的经验证据,市场的大小、贸易依存度等都会随着产权界定效率的提高而提高;最后列举新兴古典企业理论的经验证据,企业规模与分工有密切关系。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:108791,65502,310250,EKeyWords:,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:12064328,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120200601X20195819001_000_012,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2020-06-11 18:58:44.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-03 04:29:39.0,HitCount:13,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:12064330,DownCount:33,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2020-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:新兴古典经济学的经验性证据,ISBN:978-7-5201-6459-7,BookTitle:新兴古典经济学与超边际分析(修订本),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:新兴古典经济学的经验性证据,_RowNo:18
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