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中国城市生活质量报告(2020)

书 名: 中国城市生活质量报告(2020)
英 文 名: REPORT ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN CHINESE CITIES (2020)
作 者:  张连城 张平 杨春学 郎丽华 王钰 张自然
I S B N: 978-7-5201-8200-3
丛 书 名: 城市生活质量蓝皮书
关 键 词:  城市生活 生活质量 经济增长
出版日期: 2021-03-01

中文摘要

本书对35个城市的生活质量进行持续跟踪调查,通过调查得到35个城市生活质量的满意度情况评价指数。此次满意度调查采用网络调查方法获取相应数据,为了保证调查对象分布的合理性和广泛性,在调查期内调查人员发放了足够多的问卷,调查过程中问卷总访问量为28050次,筛选后剩余有效问卷8824份。通过对问卷数据进行统计分析,汇总整理了4个关于城市生活质量满意度的分指数,包括消费者信心指数、教育质量满意度指数、健康满意度指数和医疗服务满意度指数,对应描述了城市生活质量的一个特定方面。为了便于国际比较,消费者信心指数是依据密歇根消费者信心指数的算法计算的,具体算法是将1966年第一季度美国的消费者信心指数确定为100,如果分值高于100,则说明消费者信心强于1966年第一季度美国的水平。

调查结果表明,2019年,中国35个城市消费者信心指数加权平均值为138.61,而且每个城市的消费者信心指数都高于100,2019年5月17日美国的密歇根消费者信心指数为102.4,低于中国35个城市消费者信心指数加权平均值。中国35个城市居民教育质量满意度指数加权平均值为67.02,中国35个城市居民健康满意度指数加权平均值为57.26,中国35个城市居民医疗服务满意度指数加权平均值为63.04,以上三个分指数均处在一般(50)和满意(75)之间。

考虑到国际通行做法,同时也便于国际比较,前期城市生活质量客观(社会经济数据)指标部分不再计入指标体系,但是依然会收集反映35个城市生活质量的客观数据,以便于更好地把握35个城市生活质量的实际情况,所需要的客观数据均来自国家权威机构有关35个城市社会经济的数据库,数据来源的权威性和可靠性是有保障的。收集的客观数据还将用在对城市生活质量满意度影响因素的分析中,依据相关理论选取客观数据作为回归变量。

从对35个城市生活质量指数评价的结果看,在我国经济向高质量发展转变的过程中,消费者信心基本稳定;可是从教育、医疗、健康的相关满意度看,短期内满足人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾依然存在。未来我国政府应继续释放政策和制度红利,使微观经济主体活力得到激发,同时创新和完善宏观调控措施,促进产业结构升级和经济转型;进一步做好“六稳”(稳就业、稳金融、稳外贸、稳外资、稳投资、稳预期)工作,在稳定经济增长的同时不断提高经济增长质量,提高教育、医疗等公共服务水平,为居民获得高质量的生活水平和保持身心健康提供强有力的制度和政策保障。

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