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湖南乡村振兴报告(2023)

书 名: 湖南乡村振兴报告(2023)
英 文 名: HUNAN RURAL REVITALIZATION REPORT (2023)
作 者:  陈文胜 向玉乔
I S B N: 978-7-5228-2616-5
丛 书 名: 乡村振兴蓝皮书 订阅
关 键 词:  乡村振兴 城乡融合 县域经济 农业农村现代化 湖南
出版日期: 2023-11-01

中文摘要

2022年,是党和国家历史上极为重要的一年,党的二十大胜利召开,擘画了全面建设社会主义现代化国家的宏伟蓝图,并首次提出加快建设农业强国。在2022年底召开的中央农村工作会议上,习近平总书记对建设农业强国、全面推进乡村振兴的重大理论和实践问题进行了深刻阐述,为做好新时代新征程“三农”工作提供了根本遵循和行动指南。本书立足于湖南传统农业大省的省情,以解决城乡发展不平衡不充分的矛盾为主线,对湖南全面推进乡村振兴,促进农业高质高效、乡村宜居宜业、农民富裕富足取得的成效、存在的问题及对策进行了全面深入的研究。

2022年,湖南全面推进乡村振兴取得明显的成效:一是以多元食品结构为取向,特色农业发展加速推进。在保障粮食生产供给能力的同时,采取了一系列措施提高粮食生产效率和质量。大力培育特色优势产业,逐步形成了多元化食物供给体系,并推动产购储加销全链条协同发力,不断夯实食物供给的安全根基。二是以“两个高地”建设为依托,农业科技创新能力持续提升。通过打造种业创新高地和智慧智能农机产业链发展高地,不断提高农业产业的科技含量和附加值,推动了现代农业快速发展。三是以乡村文化振兴为引领,打造具有湖湘特色的宜居宜业和美乡村。通过大力推进农村精神文明建设、改善农村人居环境、逐步完善基础设施,推动了乡村文化振兴和农村社会和谐稳定。四是以增加农民收入为主线,积极推动农民富裕富足。通过加快推进县域经济高质量发展,发展壮大村集体经济,健全促进增收联农带农机制,促进了农民收入较快增长。五是以党建为引领,乡村善治水平不断提升。通过加强基层党组织建设,引导村民全面参与乡村治理,积极开展平安创建和民主法治示范创建等,推动乡村治理效能不断提升。

湖南全面推进乡村振兴亟待破解的现实问题:一是特色产业发展缺乏长远的规划,产业链条延伸不够充分;二是农村集体产权制度改革进展相对缓慢;三是“三农”带头人总量不足、素质不高、结构不优的问题突出;四是全过程人民民主的基层基础有待夯实;五是乡村优秀传统文化传承与提升的关系处理尚待平衡。

全面推进湖南乡村振兴的对策建议:第一,坚持大食物观,优化农产品供给体系。包括提升粮食综合生产能力、强化多元化农产品供给、积极发展现代设施农业等,以确保粮食安全和农业高效发展。第二,着力打造特色化融合化绿色化现代乡村产业体系。通过延伸做强特色农产品产业链、大力发展乡村新产业新业态和加强农产品品牌建设等措施,促进农村产业升级和农民增收。同时,推进农业低碳绿色化发展,实现可持续发展。第三,以产权改革为突破口,拓展农民增收渠道。包括稳步推进农村承包地改革,放活经营权;稳慎推进农村宅基地制度改革,盘活闲置资源;推进新型农村集体经济发展,增强农民增收动能。第四,突出地域特色,强化宜居宜业和美乡村建设。包括稳妥推进乡村建设行动、提升农民生活品质、促进城乡基本公共服务均等化、弘扬优秀乡土文化和提高农民文化素养等举措。第五,坚持农民主体地位,加强和创新乡村治理。通过健全党建引领的多元共治体系,推进乡村数字化治理,提升乡村治理效能。第六,以县城为战略支撑,促进城乡融合与区域协调发展。包括提升县城服务城乡区域发展的能力,推进以县城为引领的城乡区域产业协同发展,推进以县城为枢纽的区域市场体系建设等措施。第七,聚焦机制建设,强化农业强省建设投入保障。通过健全涉农财政投入保障机制、优化农村金融服务机制、激发社会力量投资农业农村活力等措施,推动乡村振兴获得更广泛的社会支持和资源投入。

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