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中国人口与劳动问题报告No.4(2003)

书 名: 中国人口与劳动问题报告No.4(2003)
作 者:  蔡昉 张车伟 王德文 王美艳
I S B N: 7-80190-025-1
丛 书 名: 人口与劳动绿皮书 订阅
关 键 词:  城市 贫困 人口 劳动
出版日期: 2003-07-01

中文摘要

中国人口年龄结构迅速变化所导致的劳动年龄人口的加速增长、经济结构调整所造成的大批城镇职工的失业和下岗,以及农村剩余劳动力向城市转移压力的不断加大,正在使中国城镇的就业形势不断恶化,无法实现再就业的城镇职工越来越多。在社会保障制度尚不健全的情况下,失去工作的城镇职工非常容易陷入贫困。鉴于我国严峻的就业形势会在一个相当长的时期内持续存在,城市贫困问题因而会逐渐演化为一个日益严重的社会问题。在这种背景之下,本报告在这里将为读者勾勒一幅有关城市贫困问题的简单图画。本报告分上下两篇。

上篇包括和城市贫困问题相关的3篇专题报告。专题报告一主要分析2003年的人口形势,专题报告二注重介绍中国城镇地区的就业形势,专题报告三简要综述城市居民的最低生活保障情况。

下篇包括11章内容,分别讨论了中国城市贫困的现状、原因、发展趋势、社会后果和政策选择。在回顾中国贫困问题演变历史的基础上,第1章探讨了转轨时期城市贫困和经济增长之间的互动关系。第2章主要介绍了国际上有关城市贫困问题的一般理论和方法,并描绘了国际上城市贫困问题的基本状况。第3章详细介绍了中国城市贫困的识别、规模和分布。基于一些抽样调查的数据,第4章具体地描绘了城市贫困家庭的基本生存状况和特征。第5章至第8章分别对易于陷入城市贫困的脆弱群体进行了分析,这些脆弱群体包括城镇失业下岗人员,流动人口,老年人和妇女。本报告在最后的3章中分别研究了中国城市贫困的发展趋势,探讨了城市贫困可能产生的社会后果,以及在政策上如何应对日益严重的城市贫困问题。

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