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中国创新发展报告(2014)

书 名: 中国创新发展报告(2014)
英 文 名: ANNUAL REPORT ON CHINA’S INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT (2014)
作 者: 陈劲
I S B N: 978-7-5097-6417-6
丛 书 名: 国家创新蓝皮书
关 键 词:  国家创新系统 研究报告 中国 2014
出版日期: 2014-09-01

中文摘要

我国在2006年提出了自主创新的伟大战略,掀起了科技创新的发展热潮。党的十八大进一步明确提出“科技创新是提高社会生产力和综合国力的战略支撑,必须摆在国家发展全局的核心位置”。习近平总书记在2014年两院院士大会上继续强调要坚持走中国特色自主创新道路、加快实施创新驱动发展战略。在党和政府的战略引领下,中国的创新发展取得了举世瞩目的成就。

为了分析我国创新发展的现状,为国家进一步落实创新驱动战略、尽早实现创新强国的中国梦而提出科学的政策建议,我们特组织相关专家与研究者,首次出版《国家创新蓝皮书》。本年度蓝皮书由总报告和九个专题报告组成。

总报告评价了中国创新发展的基本状况:中国已成为全球的创新大国。这是在党中央、中央与地方各级政府正确决策、科学组织实施自主创新的战略下实现的。总报告也指出,创新成果支撑不力、企业创新能力不足、高端创新人才缺乏是制约中国创新的三大问题。为此,要成为全球的创新强国,中国应大力支持在科技前沿和基础科学方面的研究及相应的人才培养、大力提升基于核心技术的企业自主创新能力、重视开放与协同创新。

九个专题报告分别研究了中国在国家、产业、企业三个层面的创新现状,特别对电子信息制造业、汽车制造业以及近年来引人注目的高铁产业的自主创新、服务业创新、中国中小企业创新和大企业创新等的成就与不足进行了较全面、科学的分析,也进行了与国际领先的创新型国家在创新综合竞争力方面的比较研究。

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