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风险灾害危机研究(第六辑)

书 名: 风险灾害危机研究(第六辑)
英 文 名: Journal of Risk,Disaster & Crisis Research (No.6)
作 者:  童星 张海波
I S B N: 978-7-5201-1772-2
关 键 词:  社会管理 风险管理 突发事件 公共管理 中国
出版日期: 2017-12-01

中文摘要

在今天的全球风险社会和中国高风险社会中,风险、灾害、危机管理的重要性已无须多言。如果说风险社会意味着一个时代性的转变,那么人类如何与风险、灾害、危机共生,就是我们这个时代最为重要、紧迫的研究主题。

南京大学社会风险与公共危机管理研究中心一直致力于风险、灾害、危机的跨学科研究,至今已有十年。在这十年中,中国相继经历了南方雪灾(2008)、汶川地震(2008)、玉树地震(2010)、舟曲泥石流(2010)、温州动车事故(2011)、芦山地震(2013)、鲁甸地震(2014)等重大突发事件,在灾难中前行。在这十年中,伴随着管理实践的进步,我们的研究也在不断发展,从最初的理论引介到跨学科理论框架建构,再到规范的实证研究与积极的政策建言,在探索中发展。目前,南京大学社会风险与公共危机管理研究中心已经是江苏省和南京大学哲学社会科学重点研究基地,也设有社会风险与公共危机管理的二级学科博士点,形成了稳定的研究队伍,承接了一批国家重大、重点研究项目,这些都为我们进一步推动风险灾害危机的跨学科研究奠定了基础。

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CommonID:DIR_50473468,ID:9303117,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340372,name:编委会,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:9303116,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-01-17 14:25:56.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-11-06 15:50:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:编委会,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:编委会,_RowNo:1
CommonID:DIR_50473469,ID:9303119,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340373,name:前言,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:9303118,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-01-17 14:25:56.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-11-06 15:50:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:前言,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:前言,_RowNo:2
CommonID:DIR_50473470,ID:9303121,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340374,name:专栏导语:中国校园安全研究的起步与深化,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:在全球风险社会的背景下,世界各国的公共安全形势均不容乐观。相比于世界其他国家,中国更加重视公共安全,也更能保障公共安全。这主要有两方面的原因:一是从改革开放的实践来看,中国一直将社会稳定作为经济发展的前提,因此中国即便不是世界上在社会安全管理方面做得最好的国家,也是对社会安全管理最为重视的国家;二是在中国的集权制政治体制下,公共安全一旦被作为优先的政策目标,更容易达成共识并得到保障。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:67478,2786,125433,EKeyWords:393822,2787,128919,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9303120,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180101X20174807001_000_001,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-01-17 14:25:56.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-11-06 15:50:16.0,HitCount:39,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9303122,DownCount:8,AuthorInfos:{"张海波":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

张海波,南京大学政府管理学院教授、博士生导师,《风险灾害危机研究》执行主编。

"},"童星":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

童星,南京大学政府管理学院教授、博士生导师,南京大学社会风险与公共危机管理研究中心主任,《风险灾害危机研究》主编。

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CommonID:DIR_50473471,ID:9303129,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340375,name:社会控制理论视域下校园欺凌致因研究,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:A Study on the Causes of Campus Bullying from the Perspective of Social Control Theory,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

校园欺凌的诱因复杂多变,交互多元。本文运用特拉维斯·赫希的社会控制理论,以自我控制能力为中介变量,基于3777份中小学生问卷调查数据,采用结构方程模型分析了社会控制因素对校园欺凌行为的影响。结果显示:社会控制要素、自我控制对校园欺凌行为具有显著直接影响;自我控制在社会控制要素与校园欺凌行为之间起部分中介作用;不良行为的参与是校园欺凌行为的首要诱因。

,AbstractEN:

The causes of campus bullying are complex and changeable. From the perspective of Travis Hershey’s theory of social control,we analyze that social control factors effect on campus bullying by the structural equation model based on 3777 primary and middle school students questionnaire data when self control ability is an intermediary variable. The results show that the social control elements and self control has a significant direct impact on campus bullying;self control plays a partial mediating role between social control elements and campus bullying;involvement is the primary cause of campus bullying.

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高山,中南大学公共管理学院教授、博士生导师。

"},"李维民":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

李维民,中南大学公共管理学院博士研究生。

"},"Gao Shan":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Li Weimin":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:社会控制理论视域下校园欺凌致因研究,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:社会控制理论视域下校园欺凌致因研究,_RowNo:4
CommonID:DIR_50473492,ID:9303132,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340376,name:校园为何成为孩子们成长的“灰色地带”?,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Why Does the Campus Become the “Gray Zone” for Children to Grow?,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

本文通过对3777名中小学在校学生进行的问卷调查,发现我国现阶段的校园欺凌现象具有一定普遍性,绝大多数欺凌者同时也是被欺凌者;校园欺凌形式中语言欺凌是主要形式,而关系欺凌最具重复性;校园欺凌行为的参与者表现为明显低龄化与性别差异化的特点,男生参与校园欺凌行为的概率要显著高于女生;中部地区校园欺凌行为发生率最高;校园欺凌行为发生的主要场所是学校,且遭受校园欺凌的学生把隐瞒事实作为第一选择。相关性分析与多元Logistic回归分析的结果显示,少旷课、少玩网络游戏、较开明的教育方式、与同伴相处融洽、不结交帮派朋友可以降低校园欺凌的风险;父母关系紧张、专制型教育方式、亲子关系不融洽、家庭结构不完整、师生关系差、与同伴的关系较差、欺凌环境恶劣是校园欺凌的风险性因素。校园欺凌风险防控应该以学校为核心,学生、家长、教师形成反校园欺凌联盟,社会与政府教育管理部门监管互动,构筑反校园欺凌的环境。

,AbstractEN:

In this paper,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 3777 students in primary school,junior middle school,high school and technical secondary school in China,it is found that the phenomenon of school bullying in our country is universal,and the majority of the bullies are also the one to be bullied;language bullying is the main forms of school bullying,relational bullying is the most repetitive;participants of school bullying showed the significant characteristics of younger age and gender differences that the amount of boys who involve in school bullying are much more than girls;the highest incidence of bullying is the central region of our country;school is the main place that school bullying occurred,and students who suffer from school bullying take the way to conceal the facts as the first choice. The results of correlation analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis show that the risk of school bullying can be reduced by less absenteeism,less time in online games,more enlightened way of education,get along with peers,and do not make gang friends;parents’ relationship is tense,despotic education,poor parent-child relationship,incomplete family structure,poor teacher-student relationship,poor relationship with peers,harsh bullying environment is the risk factors of school bullying. Risk control of school bullying should take school as the core,students,parents,teachers should form anti-school bullying alliance,the whole society and government education managementdepartment should together to build an anti-schoolenvironment.

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张桂蓉,中南大学公共管理学院教授,管理学博士,主要从事社会风险评估、城乡治理研究。

"},"李婉灵":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

李婉灵,中南大学公共管理学院行政管理硕士。

"},"Zhang Guirong":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Li Wanling":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:校园为何成为孩子们成长的“灰色地带”?,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:校园为何成为孩子们成长的“灰色地带”?,_RowNo:5
CommonID:DIR_50473524,ID:9303135,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340377,name:受欺凌者视角下广东省中小学生校园欺凌的现状特征及防治对策研究50331140,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Study on the Characteristics and Countermeasure of School Bullying of Primary and Middle School Students in Guangdong Province from the Perspective of Victimization,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

校园欺凌事件中受欺凌者具有显著特征,针对这些特征进行防治将会起到重要作用。通过对广东省校园欺凌状况的实证调查样本及广东省校园欺凌典型案例进行分析,将广东省受欺凌者的特征与现有研究成果归纳的受欺凌特征进行对比验证,发现欺凌事件中个人、家庭以及学校方面的主、客观因素对个体受欺凌情况都有较为显著的影响,研究还发现广东省中小学生校园欺凌存在受欺凌比例较高、受欺凌危害程度相对较低、网络欺凌渐成趋势等特点,基于此,校园欺凌可以从受欺凌者的角度来加强防治,进一步加强学生自身的反校园欺凌思想及能力建设、强化学校对受欺凌学生关爱与侵害预防管理、完善受欺凌学生心理健康干预机制、建立并完善受欺凌学生家校交流制度及发挥政府校园欺凌防治职能等。

,AbstractEN:

The victim of the school bullying showed different characteristics and the prevention and control of these characteristics will play an important role. Analyzing the empirical investigation samples of the school bullying of Guangdong province and the typical cases of Guangdong province bullying,then compared the characteristics and the feature of the school bullying victim of Guangdong province with which summarized from the existing research results,we found that the factors of individuals,families and schools are significant promoters for being bullied on campus among middle school students. The study also finds that there are several characteristics of bullying at primary and middle school in Guangdong Province:the proportion of students who are bullied is higher,the extent of injury of bullying is relatively low,and there is a trend of internet bullying. Based on this,the prevention and control of bullying can be strengthened from the perspective of the victimization. In sum,there are several suggestions about the further improvement of the students’ own anti-school bullying ideology and capacity-building,the student care and the abuse prevention management carrying by school. Meanwhile,the mental health intervention mechanism of those students should be improved,the communication system between parents and schools should be established and improved,what’s more,the government should play the essential role in preventing and controlling campus bullying.

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李伟权,暨南大学应急管理学院副院长、副教授。

"},"刘雁":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

刘雁,暨南大学应急管理学院行政管理专业研究生。

"},"Li Weiquan":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Liu Yan":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:受欺凌者视角下广东省中小学生校园欺凌的现状特征及防治对策研究,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:受欺凌者视角下广东省中小学生校园欺凌的现状特征及防治对策研究,_RowNo:6
CommonID:DIR_50473577,ID:9303138,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340378,name:校园欺凌与青少年生活质量、偏差行为和自杀的相关性研究,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Association between School Bullying and Adolescent’s Health-related Quality of Life,Deviance Behavior and Suicide in China,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

校园欺凌是世界性的普遍问题,近年来开始引起我国政府部门和社会各界的关注,但是相关实证研究却十分有限。本文采用2016年底中国应急管理学会校园安全专业委员会开展的全国调查数据,分析了校园欺凌(传统欺凌和网络欺凌)对青少年健康相关生活质量、偏差行为(旷课、吸烟、喝酒、打架、沉迷网络游戏)和自杀倾向的影响。结果显示,校园欺凌经历,无论是作为欺凌受害者还是实施者的经历,都会降低青少年的生活质量,增加他们大部分偏差行为的可能性以及其自杀的可能性。在一些维度上,网络欺凌的作用比传统欺凌要大。最后,本文探讨了研究的不足和未来研究方向,以及信息社会下进行校园欺凌干预的挑战。

,AbstractEN:

School bullying is a worldwide problem. It has attracted the public and government’s attention recently,however,there is a lack of evidence-based study. This paper uses a representative national data collected by the School Safety Research Committee of the China Emergency Management Association in 2016,to explore the association between school bullying and adolescent’s health-related quality of life,deviance behavior(school absence,smoking,alcohol use,physical fighting,and online game addiction),and suicide. The results demonstrate that bullying experience,no matter as a victim or perpetrator,could negatively affect the adolescent’s quality of life,increasing their likelihood of having most of the deviance behavior and their probability of suicide. In some dimensions,cyberbullying has larger effect than the traditional bullying. This paper ends with a discussion of potential policy implementation and future research directions.

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韩自强,四川大学灾后重建与管理学院副教授,博士,主要研究方向为风险感知与决策分析,应急准备,灾后恢复与可持续发展,校园安全。

"},"肖晖":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

肖晖,四川大学体育学院硕士。

"},"Han Ziqiang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Xiao Hui":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:校园欺凌与青少年生活质量、偏差行为和自杀的相关性研究,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:校园欺凌与青少年生活质量、偏差行为和自杀的相关性研究,_RowNo:7
CommonID:DIR_50473593,ID:9303141,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340379,name:安全认同理论的基础性问题50331141,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Basic Issues on Safety Identity Theory,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

在社会科学领域,“认同”是一个备受学界关注的概念。同理,促进人的安全认同作为安全管理的本质,安全社会科学领域相关研究理应重点关注“安全认同”这一重要概念。本文针对目前人的安全认同缺失的不良现象,立足于理论思辨层面,基于大安全视角,以认同的定义为基础,提出安全认同的定义,并对其进行扼要解释。在此基础上,阐释安全认同的功能与特征,并深入剖析安全认同的动机、路径及其惰性产生的原因。研究发现,安全认同是安全社会科学交叉领域的一个值得关注的重要概念,促进人的安全认同需从增强人的安全认同动机、综合运用各类安全认同路径,以及减弱至消除人的安全认同惰性三方面着手。此外,安全认同理论是一条极为重要的安全管理学原理,该研究可为促进人的安全认同提供重要的理论依据和方法指导。

,AbstractEN:

It is always a focus point of academic circles to take attention to a concept that is identity in the field of the social sciences. Similarly,promoting people’s safety identity as the essence of safety management,safety identity should be a critical focus concept in the field of safety social science. Aiming atthe present bad safety phenomena of the loss of people’s safety identity,and from theoreticalspeculationlevel,the paper proposes the definition of safety identity based on definition of identity,and briefly explains it. Meanwhile,function,characteristic,motivation and path of safety identity,and root reason of causing inertia of safety identity are deeply analyzed in this study. The results show that safety identity is a key concept that worth full concern in the cross field of safety social science,and promoting people’s safety identity should be commenced with 3 aspects,including enhancing people’s safety identity motivation,comprehensive use of all kinds of safety identity paths,and weakening or even eliminating person’s safety identity inertia.Furthermore,safety identity theory is an extremely important safety management principle,and this study can provide the theoretical foundation and guidance for promoting people’s safety identity.

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王秉,中南大学资源与安全工程学院安全科学与工程学科博士研究生,研究方向:安全文化学、系统安全学及安全科学理论基础理论。

"},"吴超":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

吴超,中南大学资源与安全工程学院安全科学与工程系教授、博士生导师,国务院特殊津贴获得者,研究方向:安全科学基础理论。

"},"Wang Bing":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Wu Chao":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:安全认同理论的基础性问题,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:安全认同理论的基础性问题,_RowNo:8
CommonID:DIR_50473621,ID:9303159,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340380,name:重大突发事件舆情演化规律的知识体系和创新空间50331142,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Knowledge Base of and Research Agenda for Public Opinion Analysis in Emergencies,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

舆情应对是处置重大突发事件的一个重要主题。本文系统梳理了近年来我国舆情研究的发展脉络,从舆情研究的阶段特征、基础理论以及舆情演化规律的实证研究三个方面总结了已有的知识体系,认为现有研究的不足之处表现在对移动互联网舆情研究相对滞后、舆情主体行为及动机研究薄弱、舆情应对的正当性和合法性研究严重缺失以及舆情应对能力评价体系研究缺乏等方面,由此辨识了未来可能的创新空间。

,AbstractEN:

Response to public opinion is an important action in dealing with major emergency. This article reviewed the development of public opinion analysis in China in recent years and summarized the existing knowledge system from three aspects:characteristics in different stages,fundamental theories and evolutionary pattern of public opinion. This article identified some limitations of current studies. These limitations include lagging research about public opinion in mobile internet,weak research about incentives and behaviors of main actors,lack of research about legitimacy of response to public opinion,and lack of research about capacity assessment. Drawing on the comprehensive review,this article elaborated research agenda in near future.

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傅昌波,北京师范大学中国社会管理研究院/社会学院教授,《社会治理》杂志社社长,教育部重大攻关项目\u201C重大突发事件社会舆情演化规律及应对策略研究\u201D首席专家。

"},"刘冰":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

通讯作者,刘冰,北京师范大学中国社会管理研究院/社会学院副教授。

"},"杜静元":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"李放":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Fu Changbo":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Liu Bing":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Du Jingyuan":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Li Fang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:重大突发事件舆情演化规律的知识体系和创新空间,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:重大突发事件舆情演化规律的知识体系和创新空间,_RowNo:9
CommonID:DIR_50473642,ID:9303178,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340381,name:中国空气污染的社会脆弱性评估:概念模型、指标体系与影响因素50331143,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Social Vulnerability to Air Pollution in China:Conceptual Model,Index System and Influencing Factors,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

识别空气污染的高社会脆弱性地区,查明空气污染社会脆弱性的影响因素,这对于降低因空气污染造成的社会不平等、提升空气污染防治的效果都至关重要。本文首先提出了面向区域的空气污染社会脆弱性概念模型,并据此建立空气污染社会脆弱性评估的指标体系;进而以省级行政单元作为分析单位,运用投影追踪聚类模型,识别了空气污染社会脆弱性的主要影响因素。其中,排名前五的影响因素分别为:“人均可支配收入”、“本科及以上人口比例”、“每千人医院床位数”、“儿童(14岁及以下人口)”和“城市绿化覆盖率”。同时,通过集成社会脆弱性指数来探索中国空气污染社会脆弱性的时空变化特征。结果表明:2000~2014年,社会脆弱性指数均值保持了逐年下降的趋势。2000~2010年,社会脆弱性指数标准差持续上升,2010年后出现下降。在整个研究周期内,全国各省的社会脆弱性经历了普遍偏高至部分好转再至好转局面扩大的变化。社会脆弱性的好转始于东北局部,再扩展至东部沿海,继而向中西部推进。在空间分布上,中部和西部省份的社会脆弱性偏高,北京和上海的社会脆弱性最低,华北和华东地区的社会脆弱性水平居中。

,AbstractEN:

Identification of high vulnerable regions and key factors influencing social vulnerability has become increasingly essential for effective prevention and control of air pollution. This paper proposed a conceptual model of social vulnerability to air pollution and constructing an index system for regional assessment. Using province as the unit of analysis,an assessment method with projection pursuit cluster(PPC)model was applied to ascertain the dominant factors contributing to social vulnerability. Result shows that the top five factors were:“disposable personal income per capita”,“percentage of higher education graduates”,“number of beds in hospital per 1000 people”,“percentage of young people under 14 years old” and “ratio of open green space coverage”. After aggregating composite index(social vulnerability index,SVI),a temporal variability of social vulnerability was clearly discovered. Since 2000,a continuing downward trend of average of SVI had emerged in all provinces. However,the standard deviation of SVI had increased since 2000 and decreased in 2014. Also,specific spatial patterns of SVI at the province scale were demonstrated in this paper. SVI of several parts in Northeast China began to decrease,firstly. Then,the downward trend expanded to coastal areas in China. At last,SVI of Central and Western China began to reduce. The high SVI values were always observed in Central and Western China. Meanwhile,Beijing and Shanghai were the least vulnerable in the whole country.

,KeyWords:392297,8387,392298,2786,EKeyWords:392299,8391,392300,2787,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9303172,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180101X20174807001_000_008,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-01-17 14:25:58.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-11-06 15:50:16.0,HitCount:41,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9303181,DownCount:15,AuthorInfos:{"葛怡":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"张海波":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"窦闻":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"李杨":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Ge Yi":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Zhang Haibo":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Dou Wen":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Li Yang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国空气污染的社会脆弱性评估:概念模型、指标体系与影响因素,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:中国空气污染的社会脆弱性评估:概念模型、指标体系与影响因素,_RowNo:10
CommonID:DIR_50473653,ID:9303190,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340382,name:共享危机情景认知与突发事件应对的多主体协调绩效,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Shared Situation Awareness in Crises and Multi-agent Collaboration Performance during Emergencies,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

在军事领域、航空领域、军队研究、电力行业、工业过程控制等工程学领域,共享情景认知理论对于多主体合作的促进已经得到了充分的应用和发展。然而,在网络化应对的危机情景下,共享情景认知理论对多组织协作应对危机的意义却未引起足够重视。本文梳理了危机条件下共享情景认知的影响因素和对多主体协调合作的作用机制,在此基础上建构了共享危机情景认知“皇冠”模型,并用该模型对2014年上海踩踏事件进行了案例分析。结果发现,理论上,相比于其他分析模型,“皇冠”模型更能清晰展示应急网络主体协同行动的影响因素和机制,解释危机协调的理论难题;实践上,此模型可以为应急管理工作提供明晰的改进途径。

,AbstractEN:

Shared situation awareness has a wide range of implication in army and combating area,aviation research,electronic industry,industry process-control,etc. to promote the collaboration performance. However,shared situation awareness theory has been undervalued in crisis response process,even though collaboration is highly required. Based on previous literatures,this research builds the “crown model” to straighten out the influence mechanism among multiple factors,the shared situation awareness of different subjects,and the collaboration performance of crisis response. Take the 2014 Shanghai New Year Eve stampede incident as an example to carry on analysis,the result shows that,academically,“crown model” is more explicit compared to other frameworks,and according to the model,practitioners will better understand how to promote the coordination and crisis response performance.

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彭宗超,清华大学公共管理学院教授、副院长,应急管理研究基地/中国社会风险评估研究中心主任。

"},"Zhu Zhe":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Peng Zongchao":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:共享危机情景认知与突发事件应对的多主体协调绩效,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:共享危机情景认知与突发事件应对的多主体协调绩效,_RowNo:11
CommonID:DIR_50473673,ID:9303200,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340383,name:美国灾害社会科学研究的人文地理学传统,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Human Geographical Tradition of American Social Science Research on Hazard,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

美国灾害社会科学研究经过半个多世纪的发展,形成了社会学和人文地理学两大传统。本论文通过文献调研、人物访谈和非参与观察等方法,对人文地理学传统的典型机构科罗拉多大学自然灾害中心做了个案研究。透过“人类生态学”理念分析出了灾害研究的实用主义哲学底色。基于价值观念、制度安排、组织设计、物质基础等“体制化”维度,细致梳理了自然灾害中心的奠基、使命、演化及影响。最后,从后常规科学观的视角批判性地审视了美国灾害社会科学研究这一领域。

,AbstractEN:

After the development over the past five decades,two main research traditions have shaped in the American Social Science Research on Hazard:the sociological tradition and the human geographical one. Based on the methods of literature review,personal interview,and non-participant observation,this paper investigates the Natural Hazards Center at Colorado University-Boulder,a typical and leading institution of the human geographical tradition. Firstly,the notion of human ecology reflects the philosophical background of pragmatism in American hazard research. Secondly,four dimensions of institutionalization studies,that is,shared value,institutional arrangement,organizational design and physical basis,apply to the systematic analysis of Natural Hazards Center,including its establishment,mission,evolution and impact. Finally,it critically examines the research field of American social science research on hazard,according the perspective of ‘Post-normal Science’.

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黄晓伟,天津大学科学技术与社会研究中心讲师。

"},"张成岗":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

张成岗,清华大学社会科学学院教授、博士生导师,清华大学社会创新与风险管理研究中心主任。

"},"Huang Xiaowei":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Zhang Chenggang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:美国灾害社会科学研究的人文地理学传统,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:美国灾害社会科学研究的人文地理学传统,_RowNo:12
CommonID:DIR_50473682,ID:9303208,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:340384,name:企业减灾备灾行为真的能减少灾害损失吗?,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Do Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness Reduce Physical Damage to Businesses in Disasters?,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9303111,AbstractCH:

本文在企业灾害管理规划,企业减灾备灾活动以及这些准备措施对于企业减少灾害的影响这几个方面进行了新的研究。2008年9月“艾克”飓风袭击了美国得克萨斯州加尔维斯顿地区,在飓风后的七个月,我们对当地企业进行了调研。与以往的研究不同的是,本次研究发现,企业进行灾害管理规划有助于企业减灾备灾行动的实施,更重要的是,这些举措将有效地降低企业的受灾程度。

,AbstractEN:

This paper provides fresh evidence on the status of business disaster planning,mitigation,and preparedness,and the effectiveness of these activities on loss reduction. Data from a survey of businesses in Galveston County,Texas conducted 7 month after Hurricane Ike struck the area in September 2008 were analyzed. Different from previous studies,the study results showed that disaster planning by businesses significantly promoted the adoption and implementation of hazard mitigation and preparedness actions,and most importantly,disaster planning and the adoption of mitigation and preparedness measures significantly reduced physical damage to businesses.

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Yu Xiao(肖渝),美国波特兰州立大学,副教授,博士,美国规划协会注册规划师,主要研究灾害管理、地方经济发展,企业防灾减灾与恢复重建。

"},"Walter Gillis Peacock":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

Walter Gillis Peacock,美国得克萨斯A&M大学,教授,博士,减灾与恢复中心主任,主要研究灾害管理、社区恢复重建。

"}},BookPublishDate:2017-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:企业减灾备灾行为真的能减少灾害损失吗?,ISBN:978-7-5201-1772-2,BookTitle:风险灾害危机研究(第六辑),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:企业减灾备灾行为真的能减少灾害损失吗?,_RowNo:13
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