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经济社会学研究 第五辑

书 名: 经济社会学研究 第五辑
英 文 名: Chinese Economic Sociology Research (Vol.5)
作 者:  刘世定 冯猛 艾云
I S B N: 978-7-5201-2697-7
关 键 词:  经济社会学 研究报告 中国
出版日期: 2018-06-01

中文摘要

《经济社会学研究》第五辑以“政府行为的经济社会学研究”为主题,收录了九篇高质量的论文及评论。

第1篇论文为对近些年中国政府研究的述评。该文针对有代表性的论文,以经济社会学视角,集中讨论了当代中国地方政府行为研究的核心论点、理论假定、模型建构等,在基础理论与现有地方政府行为研究的对话中提出了新的思考和深化研究的空间。第2篇论文从制度制定和制度实施交织的角度理解制度运作,并由此考察“变通”这种特殊的制度运作方式。第3~6篇论文侧重于从制度设置和制度安排角度分析政府行为,涉及项目制、发包制、风险治理体制、官员任期制等当代中国政府的运作模式。第7~9篇论文聚焦于地方政府行为的微观层面,分别讨论了上下级政府协商博弈、政府与企业的互动创新、政府与民众双边协调等具体行为逻辑。

下一辑(第六辑)《经济社会学研究》将围绕“理论模型构建”展开,敬请期待。

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文章列表

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CommonID:DIR_70303611,ID:9890682,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621757,name:理解政府行为与制度安排,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Understanding Government Behavior and Institutional Arrangements in China,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

本文集中于有关当代中国地方政府行为研究的研究方法、基础理论假定、模型建构,尝试以经济社会学为视角,在基础理论与现有地方政府行为研究的对话中提出新思考和新困惑。本述评撷取与地方政府行为有关的若干理论片段,凸显基础理论在解释和思考中国当代政府行为现象上的“探照”作用,肯定并展示以中国经验对话基础理论、发展基础理论的广阔可能性。

,AbstractEN:

This paper focuses on the research methods,basic theoretical assumptions and theoretical model of contemporary Chinese local government behavior in recent years,and tries to put forward new research questions and ideas in the dialogue between basic theory and existing empirical research from the perspective of economic sociology. This review summarizes some theories related to the behavior of local governments,highlights the role of basic theory in explaining contemporary Chinese government behavior,and affirms and demonstrates the broad possibility to dialogue with basic theory based on Chinese evidence.

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冯猛,上海师范大学社会学系副教授。

"},"艾云":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

艾云,中央财经大学社会与心理学院副教授。

"},"刘世定":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

刘世定,北京大学社会学系教授,浙江大学社会学系兼任教授。

"},"Feng Meng":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Ai Yun":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Liu Shiding":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:理解政府行为与制度安排——近期中国政府研究述评,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:理解政府行为与制度安排——近期中国政府研究述评,_RowNo:2
CommonID:DIR_70303629,ID:14781684,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621758,name:作为制度运作和制度变迁方式的变通70177442,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Flexibility as a Form of Institutional Operating and Institutional Changing,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

中国近20年的变革实践呈现了与苏联、东欧社会主义国家不同的制度运作特征。本文试图从制度制定和制度实施交织的角度来理解制度的运作,并由此着眼考察变通这种特殊的制度运作方式。文章以中国乡镇企业发展中的具体实践为例,详细阐述了变通的概念含义、典型方式、实施条件、运作机制等。本文认为,变通作为特定社会结构条件下的一种选择,不仅是一种制度运作的方式,而且是中国近年来的制度变迁的重要机制之一。因此,作为制度运作和制度变迁的变通在社会变革的诸多领域中发挥了不可取代的作用,而关于变通的讨论将有助于理解中国正在进行的表面平静而内部深刻的变迁。

,AbstractEN:

In the past 20 years,the changing practice in China has been characterized by different institutional operating in the Soviet Union,Eastern Europe and other socialist countries. This paper tries to understand the institutional operation from the perspective of intertwined formulation and implementation,and then investigates the special institutional operation model—flexibility. Taking concrete practices in the development of township enterprises in China as an example,this paper elaborates the concept meaning,typical mode,implementation conditions and operation mechanism in details. As a choice in a given social structure,flexibility is not only a way of institutional operation,but also one of the important mechanisms of institutional changing in China in recent years. Therefore,as the institutional operation and institutional changing in the social transformation,flexibility played an irreplaceable role in many fields,and discussion of alternative will help to understand the ongoing surface calm and profound internal changes in Chinese transformation.

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参加本文讨论的课题组成员有:刘世定、孙立平、沈原、刘小京、郭于华、王汉生。执笔:王汉生,北京大学社会学系教授;刘世定,北京大学社会学系教授;孙立平,清华大学社会学系教授。

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制度分析是社会学剖析社会运行逻辑的惯常性学科视角,在经济社会学研究领域呈现了组织社会学新制度学派(以下简称“组织制度学派”)和历史的新制度主义(以下简称“历史制度学派”)两大分支争相绽放的格局(高柏,2008)。组织制度学派视组织为分析单位,聚焦于“为什么不同类型组织会有趋同性行为”这一问题,剖析了行动者的主观认知对组织行为的形塑作用,强调制度具有“理性神话”的特点并内生于行动者的选择偏好之中(DiMaggio and Powell,1991:1-38)。对此,组织制度学派给出了“合法性”的解释机制,认为组织的趋同现象是行动者为了切合社会规范、文化观念的预期而无反思的行为结果(周雪光,2003)。与之不同,历史制度学派将制度定义为“一套正式和非正式的规则和程序”,聚焦于“不同国家为什么会演化生成多样性制度但其内部仍有延续性”这一问题,将分析指向了制度多样性及其变迁。历史制度学派的核心旨趣在于强调国家政治对于制度变迁模式的影响,其核心思想可以体现为“指引决策的制度体现了历史的经验”(坎贝尔,2010:21~26)。历史制度学派不强调从宏观层面以集结的方式分析制度演变并倒推微观层面个体行动的利益诉求,这是与传统经济学和理性选择学派的最大的不同(高柏,2008)。

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王元腾,上海大学社会学院博士候选人。

"},"Wang Yuanteng":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 在结构与能动之间——对《作为制度运作和制度变迁方式的变通》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 在结构与能动之间——对《作为制度运作和制度变迁方式的变通》的评论,_RowNo:4
CommonID:DIR_70303663,ID:9890705,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621760,name:项目制:一个“控制权”理论视角70177455,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Institutionof Earmarked Projects:A “Control Rights” Perspective,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

项目制作为一种自上而下的资源配置形式自20世纪90年代中期分税制以来日渐凸显,并溢出财政领域成为国家治理和贯彻政策任务的一个重要机制。本文有三个目标:一是通过项目制研究文献的梳理和述评,提炼项目制要素特点产生的不同组织形态;二是在这一基础上,从“控制权”理论视角提出一个分析框架,用以分析解读项目制的不同权威类型、条件和博弈过程;三是从权威体制与有效治理的基本矛盾着眼,讨论项目制在国家治理中的意义。

,AbstractEN:

The use of earmarked projects in the top-down distribution of resources has become prevalent since the mid-1990s. It has spilled over from the financial arena to other areas and become a key institutional mechanism of governance and policy implementation. In this article,I aim to accomplish three goals. First,drawing on research in this area,I highlight main organizational typologies in the institution of earmarked projects;second,I develop an analytical framework from the lens of the “control rights” theory for the analysis of earmarked projects in light of different modes of authority relationships,interactive processes,and conditions for transitions among different modes. Finally,I discuss the significance of the institution of earmarked projects in governing China.

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周雪光,美国斯坦福大学社会学系教授。

"},"Zhou Xueguang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:项目制:一个“控制权”理论视角,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:项目制:一个“控制权”理论视角,_RowNo:5
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自分税制改革以来,财政资源逐渐集中在中央政府,但事权并没有相应上收。由此造成地方治理财权与事权不对等,而且越到基层,不对称程度越高。在此结构下,必然需要一套庞大的自上而下的财力转移体系(周飞舟,2012),项目制即是其中的核心。

对于项目制的研究,近年来成果颇丰,影响渐隆。首先,在领域方面,既有研究揭示了项目制在公共治理中的各大领域都有涉及。以财政分配体系为核心,项目制在教育、环保、文化、扶贫、社会治理等层面都在发挥作用,涵盖了政府行为中的主要领域,而且涉及面日益扩展(马良灿,2013;郑世林,2016)。其次,在影响方面,项目制提升了自上而下的部门动员力和对基层的控制力,形成了一套制度化、技术化的项目管理流程,重构了基层政府的运作模式,从常规运行变成了围绕项目运行(折晓叶、陈婴婴,2011;渠敬东,2012)。同时,也带来了项目资源脱离地方实际、不同地方资源分配差距扩大的后果(陈家建,2013)。总之,项目制涉及面广、影响程度深,是探讨当代中国国家治理问题时必须讨论的核心议题。

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陈家建,中山大学社会学与人类学院副教授、博士生导师。

"},"Chen Jiajian":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 从控制权理论看项目制:解释力及其边界——对《项目制:一个“控制权”理论视角》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 从控制权理论看项目制:解释力及其边界——对《项目制:一个“控制权”理论视角》的评论,_RowNo:6
CommonID:DIR_70303678,ID:9890725,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621762,name:政府治理系统的选择:直接管理还是发包社会?,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Choice of Governance Systems for Government:Direct Management or Assigning to the Society,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

政府行使权力的方式影响着政府与社会的边界。政府在什么条件下选择直接管理的治理系统,而又在什么条件下选择发包社会的治理系统?运用数学模型,本文揭示了政府治理系统选择的行为逻辑。政府在决策时面临一个核心的权衡:如果选择直接管理的治理系统,政府虽然可以获得控制权带来的隐性收益,但是同样面临权力行使的政治风险;如果选择发包社会的治理系统,政府虽然可以规避权力行使的政治风险,但是也丧失了获取控制权带来的隐性收益的机会。本文还讨论了约束条件的变化对于均衡治理系统选择的影响。模型可以用于理解成都地区农村土地确权中治理系统选择的逻辑。本文将消费者的抱怨引入分析,探讨了消费者抱怨的“火灾警报”机制在影响地方政府治理系统选择中的作用。

,AbstractEN:

The way for the government to execute power has crucial influence on the boundary between government and society. When does the government choose Direct Management (DM) governance system?When does the government choose Assigning to the Society (AS) governance system?With the help of mathematical model,this paper attempts to reveal the logics inherent in the behavior of government. There is a fundamental trade-off faced by the government when making decisions:if it chooses DM governance system,although it can reap the invisible benefits resulting from the control of executive power,it should bear the political risks in the process of executing power;if it chooses AS governance system,while it can avert political risks,it also loses the opportunity to grab invisible benefits. This paper discusses the change of parameters and their influence on the choice of equilibrium governance system. This model can shed light on the understanding of logics behind the choice of governance system of the project —“Defining Land Property” in rural areas of Chengdu. This paper brings consumer complaint into analysis and study the role of “fire alarm” mechanism in affecting the choice of governance system decided by government.

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刘万顺,北京大学社会学系2009级硕士研究生,现供职于华鲁国际融资租赁有限公司。

"},"Liu Wanshun":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:政府治理系统的选择:直接管理还是发包社会?,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:政府治理系统的选择:直接管理还是发包社会?,_RowNo:7
CommonID:DIR_70303700,ID:9890733,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621763,name:评论 治理模式选择的模型建构,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

观察、思考并提炼中国的政府治理体制和模式,是一个有趣而重要的问题。就重要性而言,自1978年改革开放至今,已经四十年,中国在经济增长、减贫上取得了毋庸置疑、举世瞩目的成就,甚至堪称奇迹。单从经济成就来讲,便不能忽视中国政府治理体制在背后所发挥的功用,尽管它也存在这样或那样的问题。但要厘清中国政府治理体制与经济发展和社会变迁之间的关系,却并非易事。首要的原因,是政府治理现象繁复多样,可以从不同的视角进行解析,这就决定了要回答上述问题,需要概括政府治理内部的结构关系和治理的基本特征,抽象出中国政府治理体制的核心概念和理论。

,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:423905,423907,423908,EKeyWords:423909,26910,423910,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9890731,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180701X20175467001_000_007,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-07-25 11:32:23.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-09-26 23:16:59.0,HitCount:11,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9890735,DownCount:35,AuthorInfos:{"郝身永":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

郝身永,上海行政学院副教授。

"},"Hao Shenyong":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 治理模式选择的模型建构——对《政府治理系统的选择:直接管理还是发包社会?》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 治理模式选择的模型建构——对《政府治理系统的选择:直接管理还是发包社会?》的评论,_RowNo:8
CommonID:DIR_70303706,ID:9890746,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621764,name:中国上下分治的治理体制及其稳定机制70177461,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Vertically Decentralized Authoritarianism and the Mechanisms of Political Stability in China,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

中国政治体制的一个特征是治官权与治民权分设,形成“上下分治的治理体制”。中央政府主要执掌“治官权”,即选拔、监督和奖惩官员的权力;至于实际管治各地区民众的权力(简称“治民权”),则交给地方官执掌。只要地方官不违背中央政府所定的大政方针,均可以因地制宜地行使其治民权,灵活地处置所管辖地区的民众事务。这种治理体制包含着降低执政风险的两个机制——分散执政风险的机制和自发调节集权程度的机制,从而有助于治理体制自身的长期稳定。

,AbstractEN:

From the standpoint of governing people,the basic characteristic of the Chinese political system is the separation of the power to govern officials from the power to govern people,which forms “the vertically decentralized authoritarianism”. The central government controls the rights of governing officials which includes appointment,supervision,rewards and punishment of the officials. With regard to governing people,it is the responsibility of local government. As long as the local officials don’t violate the principle of the central government,they can decide how to govern people under its jurisdiction for themselves. This authoritarian system contains two mechanisms to reduce the political risk of the central government:One is to disperse the political risk,and the other is to adjust the degree of the centralization of state power spontaneously. As a result the two mechanisms contribute to long-term stability of the authoritarian system.

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曹正汉,浙江大学社会学系教授。

"},"Cao Zhenghan":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国上下分治的治理体制及其稳定机制,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:中国上下分治的治理体制及其稳定机制,_RowNo:9
CommonID:DIR_70303743,ID:9890754,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621765,name:评论 政治韧性的结构假说及其内在张力,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

改革开放以来中国有两项重要成就为世人所瞩目:第一,经历了“文革”后的中国经济趋于崩溃,但是在改革开放后的三十多年内,中国却实现了经济的腾飞,这一成就不仅惊艳了世人,也给学术界带来了思想上的冲击、提出了理论上的挑战,因为学者一般认为经济增长离不开良好的制度基础,包括健全的法制体系与开放性的政治参与,在“西方中心主义”的视角下,中国的增长模式无疑是对这一理论的冲击。

,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:423933,423934,110777,423935,EKeyWords:423936,423937,423938,423939,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9890753,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180701X20175467001_000_009,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-07-25 11:32:23.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-09-26 23:16:59.0,HitCount:14,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9890757,DownCount:40,AuthorInfos:{"张晓鸣":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

张晓鸣,浙江大学经济学院博士研究生。

"},"Zhang Xiaoming":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 政治韧性的结构假说及其内在张力——对《中国上下分治的治理体制及其稳定机制》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 政治韧性的结构假说及其内在张力——对《中国上下分治的治理体制及其稳定机制》的评论,_RowNo:10
CommonID:DIR_70303747,ID:9890767,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621766,name:中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学70177526,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Political Economy of the Term Factor in China:The Term of Local Cadres and the Behavior of Local Governments,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

本文基于政治经济周期理论,通过地方领导的基建投入,考察任期制度如何塑造官员的行为激励。作者利用全国省级、地市级与江苏省县级数据,逐一检测官员任期影响政府行为的多项假说。本文发现由于缺乏明确任期,职务随时可能调整,地方领导十分类似“试用期”任职。也因此,官员甫任新职,便不断加码拼搏。由于缺乏任期保障,上级得以充分激励下级,中央也能有效调动地方,官员政绩压力发挥得淋漓尽致,中国经济增长因而不断拔高。

,AbstractEN:

Following the opportunitist tradition in the study of political business cycles,the paper examines the term-punctuated pattern of infrastructure investments to clarify the de factoterm of office in today’s China. The authors find that without the protection of fixed terms,these officials tend to devote investment to achieving their performance and keep adding to their inputs as long as they stay in office. As a result,the control of the state and superiors over these local cadres tends to be most effective,and so is the role of local governments to promote economic development.

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耿曙,浙江大学社会学系百人计划研究员。

"},"庞保庆":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

庞保庆,上海大学社会学院讲师。

"},"钟灵娜":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

钟灵娜,华中师范大学政治与国家关系学院政治学研究所师资博士后。

"},"Geng Shu":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Pang Baoqing":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Zhong Lingna":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学,_RowNo:11
CommonID:DIR_70303768,ID:9890780,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621767,name:评论 固定任期与弹性任期,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

作为解释中国经济增长的主要范式之一,“晋升锦标赛”理论框架一经提出,就受到了广泛的关注。学者纷纷试图从“官员激励”的视角,解释各类政府行为以及经济现象。在这其中,官员任期研究是众多学者的切入点,现有相关研究大多延续周黎安等有关任期与官员行为激励的研究范式,或借鉴西方政治经济周期理论,提出我国任期与政府行为的规律性总结。不同于以往研究,《中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学》(以下简称《任期》)一文,则试图建立更一般化的框架,扩展现有的政经周期理论,研究任期制度与政府行为之间的关系,并提出了“弹性任期”的理论,给解释中国经济增长提供了一个有趣的视角。

,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:423954,423956,423957,EKeyWords:423958,423959,423960,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9890779,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180701X20175467001_000_011,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-07-25 11:32:24.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-09-26 23:16:59.0,HitCount:24,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9890783,DownCount:36,AuthorInfos:{"刘红芹":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

刘红芹,华东理工大学社会与公共管理学院讲师,社会学博士后流动站博士后。

"},"Liu Hongqin":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 固定任期与弹性任期——对《中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 固定任期与弹性任期——对《中国地方领导任期与政府行为模式:官员任期的政治经济学》的评论,_RowNo:12
CommonID:DIR_70303769,ID:9890794,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621768,name:政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:The Social Process of Capturing Opportunities in the Interaction Between Government and Enterprise,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

本文为企业案例研究,从一家乡镇企业成长过程中面临的阶段性问题,及在解决主要问题的过程中企业与地方政府的“互动创新”过程出发,探讨企业效用函数的转化。一般认为,企业和企业家是创新的主体,而本文通过对企业成长案例中主要创新环节的具体分析指出,创新并非一种企业或企业家的个体化行为,而是企业、政府等社会主体在社会互动过程中相互捕捉机会的交集,是有效社会互动的结果,在此基础上本文提出了“互动创新”的概念,即社会互动中多方进行机会捕捉的交集。同时,企业具有追求货币利润和关系净收益的双重目标,在企业成长过程中,地方政府高度参与和企业与以政府为主的社会主体的良性互动,将改变企业获取利润及关系净收益的条件,使得企业的预算约束线右移,从而实现效用的优化。

,AbstractEN:

This paper is a case study of a rural enterprise,through the social process of “interactive innovation” between local government and enterprise while the enterprise facing and solving the problems,we can find the transformation of utility function of enterprise. Generally,the researchers believe that enterprise and entrepreneur are the core of innovation,while based on the detailed analysis,this paper believes that innovation is not an individual behavior of enterprise or entrepreneur,innovation actually comes from the social interaction between enterprise,government and the other subjects,and it’s the result of effective social interaction. Then this paper presents a new concept of “interactive innovation”,namely the intersection of capturing opportunities within several subjects’ social interaction.

Besides,enterprise has dual targets,one is monetary profit and the other is net income of relationship establishment and maintenance. In the process of enterprise growth,the deep participation of local government and the interaction between enterprise,government and the other subjects,will change the condition for enterprise to achieve dual targets,resulting in the right shift of budget constraint line,and optimize the enterprise’s utility.

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刘坤,北京大学社会学系2012级硕士研究生,现供职于中国人寿保险股份有限公司。

"},"Liu Kun":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程——基于一家乡镇企业成长的案例分析,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程——基于一家乡镇企业成长的案例分析,_RowNo:13
CommonID:DIR_70303803,ID:9890802,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621769,name:评论 建构真实的市场创新活动,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

在讨论政企关系时,研究者一类常见的讨论策略是,将政府的某一类行为操作化为具体的变量,讨论该变量(组)对企业发展的影响,如地方债务(范剑勇、莫家伟,2014)、官员更替(陈艳艳、罗党论,2012)、政府补贴(孔东民等,2013),甚至腐败行为(黄玖立、李坤望,2013)。另一类讨论策略则是更多地从政府的角度出发,理清企业发展过程中,与地方产业发展相关的政府行为的逻辑,如行政发包制(周黎安,2014)、锦标赛体制(周飞舟,2009)、双向寻租(耿曙、陈玮,2015)等颇具“中国特色”的行政特征,基于上述特征讨论有政府介入的市场会如何运作。

与上述研究有些许不同的是,刘坤《政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程——基于一家乡镇企业成长的案例分析》(以下简称《政企机会捕捉》)一文则是以企业的一个重要行为——创新作为切入点。文章首先注意到的是传统经济学中往往以单主体的视角来考察创新行动,但是,在西岳水产发展的过程中,企业的创新行动中政府并不只是作为约束条件出现,而是作为一个重要的创新推动者身份参与其中,由此将政企关系纳入了讨论之中。在刘坤更早的文章(2016)中,这一创新过程还包括了学术界研究主体的参与,展现了更为丰富的创新面向,不过由于篇幅所限,《政企机会捕捉》一文仅讨论了政府和企业的互动过程。从企业的日常经营活动中的一个特定行为切入,讨论政企关系的影响,使得这一市场创新行为更加的真实可感。

,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:423976,423977,423878,EKeyWords:423978,423979,423980,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9890800,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180701X20175467001_000_013,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-07-25 11:32:25.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-09-26 23:16:59.0,HitCount:6,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9890803,DownCount:40,AuthorInfos:{"张樹沁":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"电子邮箱:zhang5255@163.com。","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

张樹沁,北京大学社会学系博士生,

"},"Zhang Shuqin":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 建构真实的市场创新活动——对《政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程——基于一家乡镇企业成长的案例分析》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 建构真实的市场创新活动——对《政企互动下机会捕捉的社会过程——基于一家乡镇企业成长的案例分析》的评论,_RowNo:14
CommonID:DIR_70303809,ID:9890811,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621770,name:行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征70177541,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Consultation Game and Strategy Traits between Superior and Subordinate Government in Administrative Division Adjustment,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

行政区划调整的过程中常常发生着上下级政府的互动,然而学界对其运作机制的理论探讨和具体案例的经验研究尚显不足。本文以中国近年行政区划调整的现实为基础,在理论分析中引入空间和位序因素,建构了两个相互联系的理论模型,即政府区划决策-收益模型和上下级间的方案“协商博弈”模型。继而借助模型对SS镇的区划调整案例进行考察,探究政府在区划决策和互动中的行为逻辑。研究表明博弈参与者在具体环境中采用的策略特征,包括以内博外、零正嵌套、平衡共赢等,博弈策略的选择受环境因素与政府能动性两方面影响。另外,本文的理论探讨推进了政府行为的分析和上下级互动机制的讨论,对政府内各层级在其他领域的互动也有一定借鉴意义。

,AbstractEN:

Interaction between superior government and subordinate government is a ubiquitous phenomenon in administrative division adjustment,but the academic study is insufficient on the theory discussion and empirical research. Based on the reality of administrative division adjustment in recent years of China,firstly we construct a theoretical model which includes two factors of space and location order,it points out the analysis emphasis are division decision models of government and consultation model between superior and subordinate government. Then we present the strategies in the two times of administrative division adjustment in SS town between F city and N district by our theoretical model. The key findings as follow:the strategies traits of game participants under specific surroundings contains “obtain benefit outside by interior adjustment”,“integrate zero-sum and positive-sum game” and “win-win game”,it helps us understand the combination of environmental factors and initiative factors. Moreover,this article promotes the analysis of governmental behaviors and interactive mode between superior and subordinate government,and the theoretical models also have referential meanings on the interaction in other governing fields between each hierarchies of Chinese government.

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张践祚,北京大学城市与环境学院博士研究生,国家发展和改革委员会主任科员。

"},"刘世定":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

刘世定,北京大学中国社会与发展研究中心教授。

"},"李贵才":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

李贵才,北京大学城市规划与设计学院教授。

"},"Zhang Jianzuo":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Liu Shiding":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""},"Li Guicai":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征——以SS镇为例,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征——以SS镇为例,_RowNo:15
CommonID:DIR_70303825,ID:9890822,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621771,name:评论 “模型与案例对话”的研究探索及其启示70177542,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

行政区划制度的确立及调整,是国家治理体系的重要支柱之一。因应经济社会发展需要而进行的行政区划调整,涉及不同层级政府之间的权利关系、权力界定、关键要素资源的配置乃至经济社会秩序的重塑,历来是地方政府、社会科学研究者极为关注的议题(周振鹤,2005)。张践祚、刘世定、李贵才合作发表于《社会学研究》的论文——《行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征——以SS镇为例》,构建了两个理论模型,并借助模型对SS镇的区划调整案例进行考察,探究政府在区划决策和互动中的行为逻辑。本评论将就这篇论文的学术贡献及其所引发的对相关公共政策的启示进行简要梳理。

,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:424007,375422,424008,EKeyWords:424009,424010,424011,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:9890821,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120180701X20175467001_000_015,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:wanghan,AddTime:2018-07-25 11:32:25.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2023-09-26 23:16:59.0,HitCount:16,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:9890824,DownCount:31,AuthorInfos:{"张惠强":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":null,"Blurb":"

张惠强,国家发改委城市和小城镇改革发展中心副研究员。

"},"Zhang Huiqiang":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 “模型与案例对话”的研究探索及其启示——对《行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征——以SS镇为例》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 “模型与案例对话”的研究探索及其启示——对《行政区划调整中上下级间的协商博弈及策略特征——以SS镇为例》的评论,_RowNo:16
CommonID:DIR_70303832,ID:9890831,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621772,name:小城镇规划中的双边协商模式,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Bilateral Negotiation Pattern in Small Town Planning,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

本文通过对蓉西镇旧镇改造规划过程中政府与民众具体互动的方式进行分析,归纳出了小城镇规划中的双边协商模式。这样一种双边协商模式既不同于相对集权国家通行的单边决策模式,也不同于西方民主国家比较普遍的民众投票参与的方式。它是通过政府对民众的动员让民众参与进来,再与民众就规划的各个方面进行协商,最后交由民众自己组织实施的。在这样的模式背后,有一些特定的结构性因素和情境性因素影响着政府与镇民的选择,其中结构性因素包括基本制度下的政府主导决策权力和重视社会呼吁的层级结构带来的维稳要求,情境性因素则包括历史和区位条件。正是这些结构性因素和情境性因素的影响才导致了本案例中双边协商模式的出现。

,AbstractEN:

This paper concludes the bilateral negotiation pattern in small town planning through analyzing the specific interaction between government and people in the process of the old town renovation in Rongxi town. In the case of Rongxi town,people interacted with the government in the whole process of planning formulation and implementation as a party. The government let people participate in the preliminaryselection of planning scheme from the beginning by discussing the possibility of various scheme with them. As a result,they both had the intention of renovation after excluding the choice of removal and maintenance.

This bilateralnegotiation pattern is not only different from the unilateral decision pattern in centralized states,but also different from the vote in democratic states. It includes government’s mobilization,negotiation between the government and the people on every aspect of the planning and people’s implementation by their own organization authorized by government.

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苏峰逸,北京大学社会学系2013级硕士研究生,现供职于国寿投资控股有限公司。

"},"Su Fengyi":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:小城镇规划中的双边协商模式——以蓉西镇为例,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:小城镇规划中的双边协商模式——以蓉西镇为例,_RowNo:17
CommonID:DIR_70303853,ID:9890836,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:621773,name:评论 从单边决策到双边协商:城市规划方式的选择,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:Review,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:9890654,AbstractCH:

苏峰逸的论文关注城市规划过程中的决策和实施方式问题。通过对蓉西镇旧镇改造规划案例的分析,论文详细地展现了城市规划过程中不同于传统单边决策模式的新的双边协商模式。所谓单边决策模式,是指“城市规划中通常的做法是由政府单边进行规划的编制,民众仅参与规划的实施过程”;所谓双边协商模式,则是指“从规划的编制到实施的整个过程,民众一直作为一方主体在与政府进行互动”。在此基础上,论文分析了这种双边协商模式得以形成的结构性因素和情境性因素,意在揭示双边协商治理机制的产生条件。总体而言,这项研究让我们看到了社会学介入城市规划研究的独特视角和解释潜力,对于推进城市规划研究、政府行为研究和基层治理研究等都具有启发意义。

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向静林,中国社会科学院社会学研究所助理研究员,

"},"Xiang Jinglin":{"Address":"","Affiliation":"","Email":"","Role":null,"Photo":"","Blurb":""}},BookPublishDate:2018-06-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:评论 从单边决策到双边协商:城市规划方式的选择——对《小城镇规划中的双边协商模式——以蓉西镇为例》的评论,ISBN:978-7-5201-2697-7,BookTitle:经济社会学研究 第五辑,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:评论 从单边决策到双边协商:城市规划方式的选择——对《小城镇规划中的双边协商模式——以蓉西镇为例》的评论,_RowNo:18
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