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    “一带一路”背景下北京市外贸战略研究

    摘要

    “一带一路”是相关国家进行合作的战略平台,更给相关国家的企业和产业带来了发展机遇。作为中国的经济重镇和科技中心,北京资金充裕、技术创新能力强劲,必须利用“一带一路”建设带来的重要战略机遇,加速中外经济的融合,促进北京外贸事业的健康发展。北京市外贸出口存在滑坡严重、私营企业和外资企业出口份额过小、商品出口价格降低等问题。北京必须发挥资金、技术、人才与信息优势,扩大外贸出口,发挥外贸对经济发展的拉动作用。第一,根据中央关于“一带一路”的设想和布局,发展和加强“一带一路”国家的外贸关系。第二,根据北京后工业社会的特点,深化与“一带一路”国家互补性经济合作。第三,发挥北京技术研发能力强的优势,开发符合国际市场需求的新产品等。

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    Abstract

    The Initiative of one Belt and one Road is a strategic platform for cooperation between relevant countries,and it has also brought opportunities of enterprises and industries development in relevant countries. As China’s economic significant component and technology center,Beijing has abundant capital and strong technological innovation capability. It must take advantage of the important strategic opportunities brought by the Initiative of one belt and one road to accelerate the integration of Chinese and foreign economies and promote the healthy development of Beijing’s foreign trade. Beijing’s foreign exports have serious problems such as the sloping of foreign,the small export share of private enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises,and the lowering of commodity export prices. Beijing must exert its advantages,expand foreign exports,and give play to the role of foreign trade in promoting economic development. The measures includes:First,develop and strengthen the foreign trade relations with relevant countries according to the initiative of one belt and one road Second,according to the characteristics of Beijing’s post-industrial society,deepen the complementary economic cooperation with the one belt and one road countries. Third,give full play to the advantages of Beijing’s technology research and development capabilities,and develop specific measures such as new products that meet the needs of the international market.

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    作者简介
    孙天法:孙天法,经济学博士,北京市社会科学院智力开发部主任、研究员,研究方向为产业组织、国际贸易。
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