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    2018~2019年北京市财政形势分析

    摘要

    2018年,北京市财政运行总体平稳,较好地完成了年度预算收支任务;继续实施积极的财政政策,加大科技创新投入力度,支持经济结构转型发展,助力首都经济增质提效;进一步落实非首都功能疏解、加速新机场和城市副中心建设、筹备冬奥会和世园会等重点任务和重大项目;保障“七有”民生建设,满足“五性”民生需求,全面提升人民群众的获得感、幸福感,民生领域重点保障性支出规模连年增高;不断深化财税改革,持续提高财政管理效能。2019年财政收入增长速度趋缓之势仍将延续,重点工程和重大项目资金压力较大,民生保障性支出刚性需求持续增加,存在一定的财政运行风险。为确保财政运行安全、财政资金有效使用,需广开财源,加速培育新的财政收入增长点;进一步规范预算管理,加强财政收支管理、绩效管理,健全、完善各项财政管理制度,有效控制财政风险;进一步深化财税改革,运用各种政策工具促进政府与民间资本的合作,充分发挥财政调控经济的杠杆作用,确保2019年北京市财政运行平稳。

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    Abstract

    In 2018,Beijing’s fiscal operation was generally stable. The budget revenue and expenditure well completed the annual task;We will continue to implement a proactive fiscal policy,increase input in scientific and technological innovation,support the transformation and development of the economic structure,and help improve the quality and efficiency of the capital’s economy. We will further carry out key tasks and major projects such as untangling the functions of non-capital cities,accelerating the construction of new airports and sub-urban centers,and preparing for the winter Olympics and the world expo. We will ensure that the seven basic necessities of life are met,and meet the needs of the five basic necessities of life. We will continue to deepen fiscal and taxation reform and improve the efficiency of fiscal management. In 2019,the growth rate of fiscal revenue will continue to slow down. There will be greater financial pressure on key projects and major projects,and the rigid demand for people’s livelihood guarantee spending will continue to increase,posing certain financial operation risks. In order to ensure the safe operation of finance and the effective use of financial funds,we need to open up more financial resources and accelerate the cultivation of new revenue growth points. We will further standardize budget management,strengthen the management of fiscal revenues and expenditures and performance management,improve and improve various financial management systems,and effectively control financial risks. We will further deepen fiscal and taxation reform,use various policy tools to promote cooperation between the government and private capital,give full play to the leverage of fiscal regulation and economic control,and ensure the smooth financial operation of Beijing in 2019.

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    作者简介
    庞世辉:庞世辉,北京市社会科学院副研究员,研究方向为公共管理、公共财政。
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