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    中美贸易摩擦背景下金砖国家合作的战略意义

    摘要

    当前,世界上最大的两大经济体之间的贸易摩擦引人关注。美国为了维护自身的经贸利益、产业优势和世界政治经济地位,频繁发起对中国的制裁,也引发了中国的反制举措。就当前贸易摩擦发展态势和美国“以利益谋取实力”的政治思想、中美经贸结构以及相关产业发展前景来判断,中美在传统经贸层面的摩擦将会持续下去,更可能在新兴产业方面形成竞争。中美贸易摩擦是发达工业国家和新兴经济体及发展中国家在全球经济竞争中的一个缩影。在中美贸易摩擦的背景下,金砖国家合作的战略意义更加凸显。“金砖国家”从一个概念成长到政治经济实体,有其历史渊源、实践发展和现实需求。中国既可以通过金砖国家的合作,借助新兴经济体和发展中国家的利益与诉求,来应对中美贸易摩擦,实现自我的稳固发展和目标的达成;也可以借机巩固和深化双边关系,完善和发展金砖机制,构建多层次的成员国体系、常设组织机构和全方位的协调机制;同时借助金砖平台,坚持和完善全球化和世界贸易体制,打造新的全球政治经济社会治理架构,丰富“人类命运共同体”这一理念的内涵和实践。

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    Abstract

    At present,the trade friction between the two largest economies has won world wide attention. In order to ensure its own economic and trade interests、industrial advantages and the leading place in world political and economy,the United States frequently initiated sanctions against China,which also triggered China’s countermeasures. We can judge the perspective of China-US economic and trade relation development that the friction between China and the United States at the traditional fields will continue and the competition in emerging industries will increase,in term of the trend of China-US trade friction、the US political thought of “seek strength by interests”、the Structure of trade between the two countries and the prospects of relevant industries. China-US trade friction is a microcosm of the global economic competition between developed industrial countries and emerging economies-developing countries. China-US trade friction highlight the strategic importance of BRICS cooperation. The BRICS grew from a concept to a political and economic entity owing to the help from its historical origins、practical development and real needs. China not only can cope with China-US trade frictions through the cooperation of BRICS countries,but also can consolidate and deepen bilateral relations,improve and develop the BRICS mechanism by build a system that has multi-level members、standing organs and all-around coordinating mechanism. At the same time,with the help of the BRICS platform,we can uphold and improve the globalization and World Trade system,create a new global governance system in political、economic and social level,enrich the connotation and practice of “a community of shared future for mankind”.

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    作者简介
    方长平:方长平,中国人民大学国际关系学院副院长、教授、博士生导师,研究领域:国际关系理论和中国对外战略。
    胡炜:胡炜,中国人民大学国际关系学院国际关系专业2018级博士生。
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