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蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
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    “全面小康”进程社会建设均衡发展总体检测——2000~2017年动态趋向分析

    摘要

    2000~2017年,在公共社会层面,全国基本公共服务保障综合数据占公共财政支出比重从26.78%增高至52.69%。公共教育投入、卫生投入和社会保障支出年均增长高于财政支出年均增长,但公共文化投入年均增长低于财政支出年均增长。公共教育投入、卫生投入和社会保障支出人均值地区差缩小,但公共文化投入人均值地区差扩大,背离国家“十三五”期间“实现基本公共服务均等化”目标。在人民生活层面,全国非私营单位、私营单位和个体经营三项合计就业率从26.69%提高到61.28%。非私营单位和私营单位平均工资、居民收入和总消费人均值地区差均缩小,居民收入和总消费人均值城乡比也均缩小,“不平衡不充分的发展”在民生领域多有改善。全国社会建设均衡发展评价:城乡、地区无差距理想值横向测评为91.21;2000年、2005年、2010年和2015年自身基数值纵向测评分别为223.22、164.70、117.93和104.08。横向看距离理想值存在差距,纵向看各五年期以来进展明显。

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    Abstract

    From 2000 to 2017,in the field of the public society,the countrywide ratio of the comprehensive data of the basic public services and social security to total expenditure of public finance rose from 26.78% to 52.69%. The average annual growth of the expenditure for public education,health and social security was higher than the annual growth of the expenditure of public finance;but that of the expenditure for public culture was lower than the annual growth of the expenditure of public finance. The regional gaps of the expenditure for public education,health and social security in per capita value were reduced;but that of the expenditure for public culture in per capita value was extended,it deviated from the national target for the “Equitable Access to Basic Public Services” during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period. In the field of the people’s lives,the countrywide ternary employment rate of the employed persons in non-private units,private units and self-employed individuals rose from 26.69% to 61.28%. The regional gaps of the average wages in non-private units and private units,household income and total consumption in per capita value were all reduced;and the urban-rural per capita ratio of the household income and total consumption were all also reduced;thus “the unbalanced and inadequate development” in the field of the people’s livelihood improved a lot. The evaluation of the countrywide balanced development of the society-building:the lateral evaluation of the ideal ideal value without urban-rural and regional gap was 91.21;the vertical evaluation of self-base value was 223.22,164.70,117.93 and 104.08 respectively in 2000,2005,2010 and 2015. Compared with the ideal lateral value,there was still a gap,and from the longitudinal view of the every five-year period,the progresses were made obviously.

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    作者简介
    王亚南:王亚南,云南省社会科学院研究员,文化发展研究中心主任,主要研究方向为民俗学、民族学及文化理论、文化战略和文化产业研究。
    段涛:段涛,云南省商务研究院院长、副研究员,主要从事市场监测与分析相关研究。
    魏海燕:魏海燕,云南省政协信息中心主任编辑,主要从事传媒信息分析研究。
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