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    冲击、公司转型与多层次资本市场建设

    摘要

    受内外部因素影响,2018年中国经济下行压力明显,外需市场不容乐观,制造业和地产投资承压,消费仍是经济增长主要动力。与宏观经济一致,资本市场跌宕起伏,商誉减值、股权质押等问题集中爆发,上市公司业绩呈现分化。为了纾困企业流动性和成本高企问题,国家多项政策措施出台,资本市场改革和开放步伐加快,内部改革和外部开放共同发力,有力地缓解了经济下行和上市公司经营压力,同时也使具有核心竞争力和穿越周期的优质上市公司获得市场青睐。展望未来,随着中国改革开放大门越开越大,多层次资本市场体系建设蹄疾步稳,将会为经济转型和高质量发展注入动力。

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    Abstract

    Influenced by internal and external factors,the downward pressure of China’s economy in 2018 is obvious,the external demand market is not optimistic,the manufacturing industry and real estate investment are under pressure,and consumption is still the main driving force of economic growth. Consistent with the macro-economy,the fluctuations of capital market,impairment of goodwill,pledge of equity and other issues have erupted centrally,and the performance of listed companies has been differentiated. In order to alleviate the problem of liquidity and high cost of enterprises,a number of national policies and measures have been introduced. The pace of capital market reform and opening-up has been accelerated. The joint efforts of internal reform and external opening-up have effectively alleviated the downturn of the economy and the operating pressure of listed companies. At the same time,they have also made high-quality listed companies with core competitiveness and through the cycle popular in the market. Looking forward to the future,with the opening of China’s reform and opening up door wider and wider,the construction of multi-level capital market system is steadily progressing,which will inject momentum into economic transformation and high-quality development.

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    作者简介
    张平:张平,中国社会科学院经济研究所研究员、国家金融与发展实验室副主任,中国社会科学院上市公司研究中心主任、研究员。
    杨耀武:杨耀武,中国社会科学院经济研究所博士,中国社会科学院上市公司研究中心研究员。
    张鹏:张鹏,中国社会科学院经济研究所博士,中国社会科学院上市公司研究中心副主任。
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