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    2019年北京城镇居民住房状况分析

    • 作者:赵卫华 毕然出版日期:2021年02月
    • 报告页数:15 页报告大小:1.38MB
    • 报告字数:12175 字所属丛书: 社会建设蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2020年北京社会建设分析报告
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    本文使用2019年“新时代特大城市居民生活状况”调查的北京数据,从城镇居民的住房产权、居住水平、居住稳定性、居住压力及对住房的主观评价等方面,考察了北京市城镇居民住房整体状况。研究表明,北京城镇居民的住房自有率大约在66.7%,居住水平整体上处于小康水平,但也有一定比例的居住困难群体;大部分居民居住稳定,租住群体中以孩子上学、工作等租房为主。住房支出压力较大的群体为贷款购房群体和租房群体,其中房贷支出占家庭支出的32.5%,租房支出占家庭总支出的33.2%,住房支出占比较高,但仍然在安全范围内。大部分北京市城镇居民对居住住房的评价总体上处于中等及以上水平,但也有大约20%的居民对居住住房评价较低。对于房产税,是否有房、有房数量都影响到被调查者的态度。总之,住房作为城镇居民生活的刚性需求和最大资产,其情况具有复杂性,住房政策应该立足于“房住不炒”的定位,缓解住房困难群体的住房压力,保障和改善民生。 <<
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    Abstract

    This article uses the Beijing survey data from the “Living conditions of residents in megacities in the new era” conducting in 2019 to analyze the housing condition of urban residents in Beijing in terms of their housing property rights,housing level,residential stability,housing pressure,and subjective evaluation of housing. The research shows that the housing ownership rate of urban residents in Beijing is about 66.7%,and the living standard is generally at a well-off level,but there are also a certain proportion of people with living difficulties;most residents are in a stable state of residence,most of the reasons for renting a house are children’s education,working place and so on. Of all the residents,those who buy houses with loans and those who rent houses take the greater pressure on housing expenditures,Concretely,the loan repayment accounts for 32.5% of the household expenditure,and the rental expenditure accounts for 33.2% of the total household expenditure. Although the housing expenditure is high,it is still within the safe range. Most urban residents in Beijing have a medium and a higher level of subjective evaluation of their residential housing,but there are about 20% people have a low evaluation of their residential housing. The housing ownership affect their attitude towards to property tax. In a word,housing is the basic demand and the largest asset of urban residents’. Housing policy should be based on that the “Houses are for living in and not for speculative investment” to relieve the housing pressure of the group with housing difficulties,and improve people’s living condition.

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    作者简介
    赵卫华:赵卫华,北京工业大学文法学部社会学系教授,北京社会建设与社会管理研究中心研究人员。
    毕然:毕然,北京工业大学文法学部社会学系研究生。
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