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    以首都发展为统领 推进社会高质量发展——2021~2022年北京社会发展报告

    摘要

    2021年在新冠肺炎疫情“外防输入、内防反弹”的严峻形势下,北京积极统筹推进疫情防控和经济社会发展,实现了“十四五”良好开局。常态化疫情防控背景下经济持续恢复发展,就业形势基本稳定,城乡居民收入、消费水平稳步提升,常住人口规模持续稳中有降,社会保障水平不断提升,义务教育“双减”行动成效显现,健康北京建设全面推进,社会治理水平迈上新台阶。这些都为北京率先基本实现社会主义现代化打下坚实基础,为扎实推进共同富裕创造了良好条件。受疫情等因素影响,推进社会高质量发展也面临着诸多挑战:服务业复苏缓慢,就业结构性矛盾突出,老龄少子化加速,城乡、区域、群体收入差距缩小缓慢,构建社会治理共同体格局任重道远等。要坚持以首都发展为统领,紧紧聚焦“七有”目标和“五性”需求,促进服务业和就业高质量发展,构建人口均衡型社会,着力缩小差距迈向共同富裕,打造共建共治共享的首都社会治理新格局。 <<
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    Abstract

    In 2021,under big pressure of curbing imported COVID-19 cases and domestic resurgences,Beijing comprehensively promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development,and achieved a good start of “the 14th Five-Year Plan”. Under the normalized epidemic prevention and control,economy recovered and developed,the employment situation was basically stable,the income and consumption levels of urban and rural residents increased steadily,the size of permanent residents continued to decline steadily,the level of social security increased steadily,the “double reduction” of compulsory education achieved remarkable results,the construction of a healthy Beijing was promoted in an all-round way,and the level of social governance reached a new level. All these have laid a solid foundation for the capital Beijing to take the lead in basically realizing socialist modernization and created good conditions for solidly promoting common prosperity. The novel coronavirus pneumonia and other factors have brought some challenges to the high-quality development of society:the service industry showed signs of slow recovery,structural contradictions in employment were prominent,the population aging and the number of children decreasing accelerated,and the gap between urban and rural people narrowed slowly,and the multi-agent social governance had a long way to go. We should insist on making capital development the leading goal,focus on the objectives of “seven haves” and the needs of “five characteristics”,promote the high-quality development of service industry,enhance the high-quality development of employment,build a population balanced society,strive to narrow the gap and move towards common prosperity,create a new pattern of social governance in the capital with joint governance and shared interests,promote high-quality social development.

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    作者简介
    包路芳:包路芳,北京市社会科学院社会学研究所所长、研究员。
    李晓壮:李晓壮,北京市社会科学院社会学研究所副所长、研究员。
    赵小平:赵小平,北京市社会科学院社会学研究所副研究员。
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