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    大选后的德国何去何从?

    • 作者:郑春荣出版日期:2014年06月
    • 报告页数:10 页报告大小:995.17KB
    • 报告字数:11950 字所属丛书:德国蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:德国发展报告(2014)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    德国基民盟/基社盟和社民党于2013年12月组建了联邦德国历史上的第三个大联合政府,由于议会内反对派力量薄弱,大联合政府具有相当大的行动空间,但是,执政联盟刚一启动,联盟内部就传出了不和谐的声音,尤其是埃达蒂丑闻使得联合政府内的信赖关系受到损害。大联合政府在内政外交上确立了新的目标:在内政方面,引入法定最低工资以及成功实现能源转向可以说是新政府的最大关切;在外交方面,尤其较此前联盟党与自民党执政期间所恪守的克制型外交政策,本届大联合政府展现出调整的意愿,意欲奉行积极有为的外交政策,这一调整已经在德国的外交实践中初露端倪。然而,鉴于两德统一以来,德国日益以本国的经济利益为导向,且日益趋向“内向型”,本届大联合政府能否带领德国迈向外向型建构力量,尤其取决于它能否克服内政上的制约因素,包括德国历史上形成的克制文化以及德国实力的负担极限。 <<
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    Abstract

    The CDU/CSU and the SPD formed the third grand coalition government in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany in December 2013.Because the opposition is relatively weak,this gives the grand coalition government large operation space.But there were discordant voices inside the coalition shortly after the government came to office.The trust within the coalition government got compromised especially because of the Edathy scandal.The grand coalition government has set new goals in domestic and foreign affairs:the most concerned issues of the new government in internal affairs are the introduction of the statutory minimum wage and the achievement of successful energy transition.Differing from the restraint foreign policy of the former coalition government between the CDU/CSU and the FDP,the new government has already shown its willingness of making adjustments in diplomatic practice,which is pursuing proactive foreign policy.However,as Germany has been economic interest oriented since the German Reunification and become more and more inward-looking,whether the new grand coalition government could lead the country to become an outward-looking shaping power depends much on whether it can overcome the constraints on domestic affairs,including its “culture of restraint” and the limit of its strength.

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