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全面建成小康社会之精准扶贫经验
    本专题以总结全面建成小康社会阶段即精准扶贫阶段成果和经验为... 详情>>
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谢伏瞻
    中国社会科学院院长、党组书记,学部委员,学部主席团主席,研究员,博士生导师。历任国务院发展研究中心副主任、国家统... 详情>>
蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    改革开放三十年社会经济建设成就和问题——社会和谐指标体系综合评价和小...

    摘要

    本文根据和谐社会理念,选择了有代表性的38个重要指标,建立了能反映社会和谐度的指标体系,它包括社会结构、人口素质、经济效益,生活质量、社会秩序、社会稳定六个子系统。本文运用了三十年的统计数据,分析了三十年社会经济发展的成就和问题。

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    Abstract

    This article established an index system which could reflect social harmony with the 38 most representative indicators covering social structure,population quality,economic benefits,life quality,social order and social stability. It also pointed out both the achievements and problems of Chinese social and economic development by using statistical data collected during the past 30 years. As for achievements,Chinese national economy maintains sustained and rapid growth. The comprehensive power of China rose remarkably. The economic social structure changed tremendously. The quality of population was largely improved. A life style transformation from survival-type to enjoyment & development-type occurred in urban and rural people. The goal of the overall construction of a Well-off Society has been achieved by 60%. As for problems,the proportion taken up by the total expense of social development is low in total GDP. The consumption rate of citizens is low and has a trend of decline. The income gaps between various groups continue to enlarge. The indicators of social order and social stability show negative growth. The situation of environment and resource is still very serious.

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    作者简介
    朱庆芳:朱庆芳,中国社会科学院社会学研究所研究员。
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