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    2015年经济新常态下中国居民收入差距变化

    • 作者:杨宜勇 池振合出版日期:2015年12月
    • 报告页数:13 页报告大小:1.21MB
    • 报告字数:10377 字所属丛书:社会蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2016年中国社会形势分析与预测
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    经济“新常态”的典型表现是经济增长速度放缓和产业结构升级,它们都会对居民收入差距产生重要影响。本文研究了“新常态”下居民收入差距变化,发现城镇低收入户居民家庭人均可支配收入增长速度要快于高收入户家庭人均可支配收入增长速度,并且这种趋势在短期内不会反转,所以未来城镇居民收入差距将会继续缩小。经济增长放缓可能导致农产品价格下降,降低农村低收入户收入增长速度,导致农村收入差距继续扩大。经济增速下降和产业结构升级放缓了城镇劳动力需求,同时推动了农村劳动力需求增加,导致农户工资收入增速要快于城镇住户,这会进一步缩小城乡收入差距。总之,在城镇居民收入差距和城乡收入差距缩小的共同推动下,未来中国居民收入差距将会继续缩小。 <<
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    Abstract

    The low economic growth rate and the upgrading of economic structure are two typical facts in China’s “New Normal” phase,which have big impact on income inequality. The paper studies the income inequality changes in “New Normal” phase and finds that the income of low income household in the city and town grows faster than those of high income household,and this trend will not turn over in the short future. As a result,the income distribution of household in China’s cities and towns will be more equal in the future. The decline of farm products price leading by the low economic growth rate drives down the growth rate of farmer’s income,which makes the income distribution of household in rural areas more unequal. The low economic growth rate and upgrading of economic structure reduce the labor demand for residents coming from cities and towns and increasing the labor demand for residents coming from rural areas. Therefore,the wage growth rate for the labor coming from cities and towns is lower than that for the labor coming from rural areas,which makes the income gap between the household in cities and towns and those in rural areas become smaller. In short,the income distribution will be more equal in the future which contributes to the more equal income distributions of households in cities and towns and that in rural areas.

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    作者简介
    杨宜勇:杨宜勇,国家发展和改革委员会社会发展研究所所长、研究员,首都经济贸易大学中国劳动人事科学发展研究院院长。
    池振合:池振合,中国劳动关系学院公共管理系。
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