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    提高脱贫质量和增强脱贫可持续性研究

    • 作者:檀学文 白描出版日期:2020年05月
    • 报告页数:19 页报告大小:1.32MB
    • 报告字数:17803 字所属丛书:农村绿皮书
    • 所属图书:中国农村经济形势分析与预测(20...
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    摘要

    为更好打赢脱贫攻坚战,应尽可能提高脱贫质量,实现稳定脱贫,并在攻坚期结束后实行一段时间的可持续脱贫保障机制。本报告提出,高质量脱贫即稳定脱贫,提高脱贫质量即不断提高真实脱贫比重,增强脱贫可持续性。中国高度重视提高脱贫质量,采取了包括坚持标准、动态调整、监督评估、改善贫困人口人力资本和内生动力、开发式扶贫和保障性扶贫相统筹、实施专门的巩固提升和防止返贫制度等在内的一系列措施,使得脱贫形势良好,返贫率逐年大幅度下降。但是,到了脱贫攻坚收官之年,中国稳定脱贫的制约因素尚未完全消除,主要在于标准适用困扰、措施“发育”不足以及内生动力不足三个方面。本报告认为,对于攻坚期后的绝对贫困,不能期待其立刻绝对地消亡,有必要建立可持续脱贫保障机制。建议在“十四五”前三年保留现行农村扶贫工作体制以及建档立卡系统,将重要脱贫措施嵌入乡村振兴行动,探索建立更具包容性和统筹性的综合性社会保护体系。同时,将贫困发生率低于1%作为宣布打赢脱贫攻坚战的标志。 <<
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    Abstract

    In order to win the war of poverty reduction,China should try its best to improve the quality of poverty reduction,realize stability of poverty reduction,and implement a guarantee mechanism for keeping lifting people out of poverty after the end of the war. This report asserts that,high-quality poverty reduction just means stable poverty reduction,and improving the quality of poverty reduction means continuously increasing the proportion of real poverty reduction and enhancing sustainability of it. China attaches great importance to improving the quality of poverty reduction,and has taken a series of measures,including adhering to poverty standard,conducting dynamic adjustment,monitoring and evaluating,improving the human capital and endogenous power of the poor,coordinating development measures with security measures,implementing specific measures of consolidating outcomes of poverty reduction and preventing falling back into poverty. So the current situation of poverty reduction is good,and the rate of poverty has dropped substantially year by year. However,in the last year of war of poverty reduction,restrictive factors on stable poverty reduction still exist,some of which are confusion in standard application,insufficient “development” of certain measures and lacking endogenous power. It is believed that absolute poverty should not be expected to disappear immediately and absolutely after 2020,thus a guarantee mechanism for sustainable poverty reduction is necessary. It is suggested that,in the first three years or so of the 14th Five-Year Plan,the current rural poverty alleviation system and the poverty registration system should be preserved,the important poverty alleviation measures should be embedded into the Rural Revitalization Action,and a more inclusive and integrated comprehensive social protection system should be explored. Meanwhile,it is suggested that a incidence of poverty below 1% could be taken as the sign of winning the war of poverty reduction.

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    作者简介
    檀学文:檀学文,经济学博士,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所研究员,贫困与福祉研究室主任,主要研究方向为贫困与福祉、城镇化与农民工问题、农业可持续发展等。
    白描:白描,管理学博士,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所副研究员,研究方向为贫困与福祉。
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