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蔡 昉
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    乡村振兴中的新型职业农民培育

    摘要

    我国正处在传统农业向现代农业的转型时期。新型职业农民是现代农业的主力军,是乡村振兴的人才支撑。新型职业农民培育是提高农民人力资本、提升农民素质、增加农民收入的重要途径,是促进农民由身份向职业转变的推动力量。新型职业农民在经过多年概念表述和培育政策演变后,其培育制度体系已初步建立,其队伍建设取得了实质性进展,包括队伍规模不断壮大、培育数量大幅增加。但是新型职业农民队伍建设仍然和现代农业不相适应,存在培育的吸引力不足、总量不足、认证标准不确定、精准性不强、机制体制不健全等问题。为了更好地加强新型职业农民队伍建设,需要坚持农业农村优先发展,加强新型职业农民培育的法律支持和财政保障,统一职业农民概念标准,探索职业农民制度建立,加强监督考核机制,促进培育体制的改革创新。

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    Abstract

    China is in the transition period from traditional agriculture to modern one.New type professional farmers are the main force of modern agriculture,proving talents for rural revitalization.The cultivation of new type professional farmers is an important way to improve farmers' human capital,quality,income,and to promote the transition from farmer's identity to professional career.After years of concept formulation and cultivation policy evolution,new type professional farmers have initially established a cultivation system.The team building of new type professional farmers has made substantial progress,including the continuous expansion of the team size and the substantial increase in the number of cultivation.However,the construction of new type of professional farmers' teams is still incompatible with modern agriculture.There are problems such as insufficient attraction of cultivation,insufficient total amount,uncertain certification standards,low precision,and imperfect mechanism.In order to better strengthen the construction of new type professional farmer teams,it is necessary to adhere to the priority development of agriculture and rural areas,strengthen legal and financial supports,unify the concept standards of professional farmers,establish a system of new type professional farmers,strengthen the supervision and evaluation mechanisms,and promote reforms and innovations of the cultivation system.

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    作者简介
    曾俊霞:曾俊霞,博士,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所土地经济与人力资源研究室助理研究员,主要研究方向为农业农村人才、农村教育。
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