您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册
您现在所在的位置:首页
更多>> 课题组动态
更多>> 专题子库
旅游专题库
    皮书数据库旅游专题根据旅游专业院校、高校旅游专业、旅游专业... 详情>>
更多>> 皮书作者
蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>
李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>

    农村土地制度三项改革试点的评价与建议

    摘要

    农村土地征收、经营性建设用地入市、宅基地制度改革三项改革试点推动了城乡统一的建设用地市场建设,增强了农村产业发展用地保障能力,增加了农民土地财产收入,提升了农村土地利用和治理水平,也为相关法律修订提供了依据。但改革推进不平衡,三项改革试点样本分布不均衡,土地征收制度改革试点相对不足,平衡国家、集体、个人三者之间收益的有效办法不多,宅基地“三权分置”的探索和实践还不充分。三项改革试点与相关改革和社会经济发展的协调配套不足、顶层设计存在瑕疵、试点地区的改革动力不足,是造成上述问题的主要原因。深入推进农村土地制度三项改革试点的思路:一是鼓励改革试点地区的各种探索;二是统筹推进农村土地制度三项改革试点;三是坚持发挥市场在资源配置中的决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用;四是坚持试点与修法同步推进,相向而行。根据上述改革思路,以国家政策要求和已有改革试点存在的问题为导向,提出了深化农村土地制度三项改革试点的对策建议。

    <<
    >>

    Abstract

    The three pilot reforms(the reform of rural land expropriation,the introduction of operational construction land into the market and the reform of rural housing land system)have promoted the construction of a unified urban and rural construction land market,strengthened the ability of land security for rural industrial development,increased the income of farmers' land property,raised the level of rural land use and governance,and provided the basis for the revision of relevant laws.However,there are some problems,such as unbalanced promotion of reforms,unbalanced distribution of the three reform pilot samples,relatively insufficient pilot land expropriation system reforms,insufficient effective ways to balance the benefits of the state,the collective and individuals,and insufficient exploration and practice of the “separation of the three rights” in the residential land.The main reasons for these problems are the insufficient coordination and matching of the three reform pilot projects with relevant reforms and social and economic development,the flaws in the top-level design and the insufficient reform motive force in the pilot areas.To further promote the three types of pilot reforms of the rural land system,China can adopt several measures:firstly,to encourage various explorations in the pilot areas;secondly,to promote the three pilot reforms of the rural land system as a whole;thirdly,to insist on giving full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources and an effective role by the government;fourthly,to insist on the simultaneous advancement of the pilot construction and law amendment,leading them to move in the same directions.On the basis of the above reform ideas,and guided by the national policy requirements and the existing problems in the reform pilot projects,this chapter puts forward some suggestions on deepening the three types of pilot reforms of China's rural land system.

    <<
    >>
    作者简介
    崔红志:崔红志,博士,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所研究员,农村组织与制度研究室主任,博士生导师,主要研究领域为农村组织与制度、农村社会保障。
    <<
    >>
    相关报告