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李 扬
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    构建乡村振兴多元投入保障机制

    摘要

    随着乡村振兴战略的全面推进,“三农”领域持续产生大量筹融资需求,乡村振兴多元投入保障机制的作用越发重要。本报告首先分析了当前乡村振兴多元投入保障机制的发展现状,即财政投入对农业农村的支持力度连年加大,引导和激励金融部门和社会资本向“三农”领域流动;金融投入已成为农业农村发展的重要融资来源,创新不断;社会资本投入乡村有效带动了资金、技术、人才、管理等稀缺资源向乡村流动,对农业农村领域资源优化配置和乡村公共产品补充供给产生了积极作用。财政投入、金融投入和社会资本投入在保障乡村振兴战略实施中也存在许多问题,一是财政能直接调动的资金规模有限,引导和撬动其他资源的效率较低;二是信贷资金供给总量明显不足,长期大额信贷供给短缺,其他金融手段发展不充分,农村金融配套服务机制不健全;三是农村要素供给保障机制和其他相关配套机制不完善,社会资本投入面临制度性障碍。对此,本报告建议,调整优化财政投入方式,拓宽资金筹集渠道,提高资金使用效率;完善农村金融供给体系,激发各类金融机构服务乡村振兴的积极性;完善配套服务机制,通过制度性供给,引导社会资本投入乡村振兴。

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    Abstract

    With the comprehensive promotion of the strategy of rural revitalization,there is a large amount of financing demand in the field of agriculture,rural areas and farmers,and the role of multi-investment guarantee mechanism in rural revitalization is becoming more and more important.This chapter starts by presenting the current status of multi-investment guarantee mechanism in supporting rural revitalization in China.The government finance input is continuing to increase support for agriculture,rural areas and farmers,guiding and encouraging the financial sector and social fund to flow to rural areas.Financial input has become an important source of financing for agricultural and rural development,with constant innovation.Social fund input effectively drives the flow of scarce resources such as capital,technology,human resource and management to rural areas,which has played a positive role in optimizing the allocation of resources in agricultural and rural areas and in supplementing the supply of rural public goods.Afterwards,it analyzes the current problems in government finance input,financial input and social fund input mechanisms.Firstly,the scale of funds directly mobilized by government finance is limited,and its efficiency of guiding and leveraging other resources is low.Secondly,the total supply of credit funds is obviously insufficient,the supply of long-term and large amounts credit is short,other financial means are not fully developed,and the supporting service mechanism of rural finance is imperfect.Thirdly,the supply guarantee mechanism of rural factor and other related supporting mechanisms are not perfect,and the guiding policies of social fund in some areas are inappropriate,which leads to the restriction of the role played by social fund input.Finally,the chapter puts forward suggestions on the establishment of a multi-investment guarantee mechanism for rural revitalization:firstly,adjusting and optimizing the mode of financial investment,broadening the channels of fund raising and improving the efficiency of fund utilization;Secondly,improving the rural financial supply system and stimulating the enthusiasm of various financial institutions to serve the strategy of rural revitalization;Thirdly,improving the supporting service mechanism and guiding social fund to invest in rural revitalization through institutional supply.

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    作者简介
    董翀:董翀,管理学博士,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所助理研究员,研究方向为农村金融、合作经济。
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