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    未成年人网络活动保护的法律比较分析

    摘要

    网络传播科技对未成年人的社会化进程产生了结构化影响,严重冲击着青少年权益的网络保护。中英法美德等许多国家在既定国际普遍规则的基础上,尝试通过修订现行法律、推动专门立法或借助判例造法等多种途径应对现代传播科技的本体挑战。国内外法律界围绕利益平衡、规制路径和法律文化三个视域的基本问题,探讨了未成年人与成年人、行政公权力与公民私权利之间的权利衡量,比较了世界范围内存在的未成年人网络运用的分散保护与专门保护两种模式及其最新发展变化,并对不同国度法治实践中的法律文化及其影响进行了讨论,以期探寻智能时代的互联网治理路径。

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    Abstract

    The rapid development of internet technologies and artificial intelligence has not only influence on minors' socialization development but also impact on their rights protection online. In addition to existing international rules, countries such as China, the United Kingdom, the United State, and Germany have attempted to revise existing laws, push for specialized legislation, or make new laws with new precedence, in order to meet the challenges posed by modern communication technologies. Centering around basic questions from the three perspectives of balancing interests, regulatory approach, and legal culture, legal scholars foreign and domestic have debated these issues: The equilibrium between the rights of minors and the rights of adults, and the equilibrium between public power and private rights. They have compared the two globally co-existing approaches to the protection of minors online: distributed protection and specialized protection, and their latest developments. In search of good governance in the age of artificial intelligence, they have also discussed differences in legal cultures and their influence in the practices of the rule of law in different countries.

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    作者简介
    卢家银:卢家银,博士,中山大学互联网与治理研究中心副教授、副主任、博士生导师,主要研究传播法、网络法与政治传播等。
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