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谢伏瞻
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蔡 昉
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    2020年我国邮轮港口发展新时期的挑战和对策研究

    摘要

    近年来,为推动我国海洋经济发展,各地港口城市大力兴建邮轮港口,多数以邮轮母港为发展定位和战略目标。2020年随着新冠肺炎疫情的全球蔓延,为避免境外输入,强化邮轮疫情防控,邮轮运营全面停航,这对邮轮公司造成巨大的经济损失,也对邮轮港口的发展造成巨大的影响。各大邮轮港口纷纷采取措施,推动邮轮港口硬件设施改造,进一步提升港口测温、隔离等防疫设施标准,完善邮轮港口突发重大公共卫生事件应急处置预案。我国邮轮市场分布均衡性较低,多数邮轮港口依然处于亏损状态,尤其受本次疫情影响,各大邮轮港口更是面临严重的经营压力,并且部分邮轮专用码头并无其他船舶接靠业务,导致基本是零收入。本文主要研究新冠肺炎疫情对中国邮轮港口发展的影响,从我国各邮轮港口应对疫情的典型案例、新冠肺炎疫情对中国邮轮港口的影响等方面进行研究,并提出相应的对策建议,以更好地推动中国邮轮港口的发展。

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    Abstract

    In recent years,in order to promote the marine economic development of China’s coastal cities,port cities around the country vigorously build cruise ports,most of which take the cruise home port as the development orientation and strategic goal. In 2020,novel coronavirus pneumonia novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic situation was spread globally. In order to avoid the new crown pneumonia’s input,strengthen cruise prevention and control,cruise operation was completely suspended,causing huge economic losses to cruise companies,and also had a huge impact on the development of cruise ports. Major cruise ports have taken measures to promote the transformation of cruise port hardware facilities,further improve the standards of port temperature measurement,isolation and other epidemic prevention facilities,and improve the emergency response plan for major public health emergencies in cruise ports. China’s cruise market distribution is relatively low,most cruise ports are still in the state of loss,especially affected by the epidemic,the major cruise ports are facing serious operational pressure,and some cruise terminals have no other ship docking business,resulting in basically zero revenue. China China Cruise Port China novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic situation novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic situation,the main port from the port of China to deal with the typical epidemic cases,new crown pneumonia epidemic on the impact of China’s cruise port,and puts forward the response countermeasures and suggestions,so as to better promote the development of China’s cruise port.

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    作者简介
    甘胜军:甘胜军,博士,上海海事大学经济管理学院工商管理系讲师,研究方向:战略管理、邮轮游艇经济。
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