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    2020年我国邮轮公共卫生防疫体系构建研究

    摘要

    在邮轮业两百年的发展历史中,一直关注卫生和航行安全。邮轮属于人群高度密集的封闭场所,对公共安全风险较为敏感,一旦有患者登船,疫情扩散风险较高。新冠肺炎疫情暴发初期,邮轮公司和游客对新冠病毒的传播性未充分认知,并且国际邮轮客源分布广,邮轮内活动具有高集聚性,涉及国际邮轮公司、母港和访问港当地政府、船籍注册国、游客和船员等多个利益相关方的国际合作应对机制不完善,使得疫情失控。疫情防控阶段,各邮轮公司以游客及船员的安全和健康为首要原则,纷纷制定了邮轮新冠肺炎疫情防控方案,对健康申报、登临检疫、健康管控等公共卫生管控措施进行升级,在船上对船员实行严格的分区管理,对空调通风系统采取全新风方式运行并定期消毒,提升邮轮公共卫生安全标准。本文分析了疫情防控下邮轮公司采取的应对举措及其构建的邮轮疫情防控体系,以便对邮轮卫生防控体系有更深入地认识和理解,并就推进邮轮疫情防控体系完善提出对策建议。

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    Abstract

    In the 200 year history of cruise development,health and navigation safety have been paid close attention to. However,cruise ship is a highly crowded and closed place,which is sensitive to public safety risks. Once patients board the ship,the risk of epidemic spread is high. At the early stage of the outbreak,cruise companies and tourists did not fully understand the spread of the new coronavirus. The international cruise source was widely distributed,and the activities within the cruise line were highly concentrated. Moreover,there was still a gap in the response mechanism for the outbreak of international cruise cooperation. Cruise tourism involved multiple stakeholders,such as international cruise companies,local governments of home and visiting ports,countries of registry,tourists and crew members,Because there is no good international cooperation response mechanism,the epidemic situation is out of control. In the stage of epidemic prevention and control,cruise companies have formulated “measures for prevention and control of the new crown of cruise ships” with the safety and health of tourists and crew as the primary principle,and upgrade the public health control measures such as health declaration,boarding quarantine and health control. Strict zoning management is implemented for crew members on cruise ships,and fresh air mode is adopted for air conditioning and ventilation system and regular disinfection is carried out to improve the public health and safety standards of cruise ships. This paper analyzes the response measures taken by cruise companies under the epidemic prevention and control,as well as the construction of cruise ship epidemic prevention and control system,so as to have a deeper understanding and understanding of the cruise ship health prevention and control system,and finally puts forward countermeasures and suggestions to improve the cruise epidemic prevention and control system,so as to better promote the establishment and improvement of cruise ship epidemic prevention and control system.

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    作者简介
    梅俊青:梅俊青,硕士,上海吴淞口投资(集团)有限公司,研究方向:邮轮经济。
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