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    2020年中国农业经济形势分析及2021年展望

    • 作者:李国祥出版日期:2021年01月
    • 报告页数:13 页报告大小:1.56MB
    • 报告字数:11666 字所属丛书:经济蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2021年中国经济形势分析与预测
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    2020年,中国农业经济克服了新冠肺炎疫情及自然灾害等不利影响,总体保持稳定增长,粮食继续丰收,生猪生产能力不断恢复,农产品市场供应丰富,产业融合发展取得进展,脱贫攻坚任务全面完成,农民增收形势好于预期,城乡居民收入差距进一步缩小。农业稳定发展对经济社会稳定大局和推进现代化进程具有重要的支撑作用。农产品及食品价位偏高且波动频繁,反映农业基础地位仍然需要巩固提高。展望2021年,农业发展及农产品市场运行面临的不确定性仍然较多,但是主要农产品供求关系没有根本性改变,农民收入较快增长且城乡居民收入差距缩小态势仍将保持。针对农产品价格上涨预期较普遍,非真实供求关系形成的力量有时会主导市场运行,导致短时间农产品价格波动加剧的风险上升,需要强化粮袋子和菜篮子稳价保供工作。

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    Abstract

    In 2020,China’s agricultural economy has overcome the adverse effects of the COVID-19 and natural disasters,and has maintained stable growth overall,with grain harvests,pig production recovery and adequate food supplies. Progress was made in integrated industrial development,poverty alleviation was fully accomplished,rural incomes were better than expected,and the income gap between urban and rural residents was further narrowed. The steady development of agriculture plays an important role in supporting economic and social stability and promoting modernization. Prices of agricultural products and food are relatively high and fluctuate frequently,reflecting that the position of the foundation of agriculture still needs to be consolidated and improved. Looking forward to 2021,there are still many uncertainties facing agricultural development and agricultural product market operations,but the supply and demand relationship of major agricultural products has not fundamentally changed. In view of the general expectation of rising prices of agricultural products,the forces formed by unreal supply-demand relationships sometimes dominate market operations,leading to increased risks of increased price volatility of agricultural products in a short period of time. It is necessary to strengthen the work of stabilizing prices for grain bags and vegetable baskets.

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    作者简介
    李国祥:李国祥,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所研究员,主要研究方向为农村经济发展。
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