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    2020年中国服务业发展形势分析、2021年展望及政策建议

    • 作者:张巍出版日期:2021年01月
    • 报告页数:14 页报告大小:1.87MB
    • 报告字数:11892 字所属丛书:经济蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2021年中国经济形势分析与预测
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    新冠肺炎疫情冲击下,服务业展现出了强大的韧性,新动能快速发展,新业态新模式不断涌现,投资结构和外贸结构逐步改善,对经济增长拉动作用持续增强,前三季度实现0.4%的正增长,服务业增加值占国内生产总值的比重为55.4%。2021年,随着各项政策的实施落地,新基建加速推进,以数字经济为代表的新兴服务业将进一步提速发展,但是也要注意到,短期内服务业面临的结构性失业问题难以消除,消费呈现边际放缓的态势。对此,应采取多种方式促进就业,提高居民收入夯实民生基础,落实好减税降费举措,加快培养服务业新业态新模式,努力为服务业健康发展创造有利条件。

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    Abstract

    Under the impact of the epidemic,the service industry has shown strong resilience,new driving forces are developing rapidly,new business forms and new models are constantly emerging,investment structure and foreign trade structure are gradually improved,and the role of driving economic growth continues to increase,achieving a positive growth of 0.4% in the first three quarters,the added value of the service industry accounted for 55.4% of GDP. In 2021,with the implementation of various policies and the acceleration of new infrastructure construction,the emerging service industry represented by the digital economy will further accelerate its development. However,it should be noted that the structural unemployment faced by the service industry in the short term is difficult to eliminate,and consumption is showing a trend of marginal slowdown. In this regard,a variety of methods should be adopted to promote employment,increase residents’ incomes to consolidate consumption,implement tax and fee reduction measures,accelerate the cultivation of new business models and models of the service industry,and strive to create favorable conditions for the healthy development of the service industry.

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    作者简介
    张巍:张巍,财政部政策研究室社会处调研员。
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