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    “危”中寻“机”:2021~2022年疫情下艰难复苏的意大利

    • 作者:孙彦红出版日期:2022年06月
    • 报告页数:21 页报告大小:995.77KB
    • 报告字数:20923 字所属丛书: 意大利蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:意大利发展报告(2021~2022)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    如果说2020年全年意大利都在新冠疫情及其引发的经济社会危机中被动“挣扎”,那么2021年则是该国主动在“危”中寻“机”并且取得显著成绩的一年。2021年,由欧洲中央银行前行长德拉吉挂帅的“技术-大联合政府”上台,既缓解了国际社会对意大利将提前大选的担忧,客观上也为该国各政党解决内部问题、巩固自身实力提供了“窗口期”。这一年,德拉吉政府在防控疫情的同时着力推进生产性投资和结构性改革,旨在解决国家体系的一系列深层次问题。虽然疫情下的全面复苏仍步履艰难,但是意大利正朝着促进经济社会全面可持续发展的方向迈进:新冠疫苗接种快速推进,防疫措施取得相对突出成效,国家复苏与韧性计划如期启动实施,经济实现较强劲复苏,社会形势整体趋于改善。在外交上,德拉吉政府全面回归欧洲主流,着力巩固与法、德两国关系,同时借担任G20轮值主席国之机积极推行多边主义、提升自身国际影响力。总体而言,务实合作仍是中意关系的主流,双边贸易额逆势大增成为两国合作的一大亮点,而德拉吉政府对华合作态度趋于保守也值得关注。 <<
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    Abstract

    Compared to year 2020 throughout which Italy has been passively struggling in the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic and social crisis caused by it,2021 is the year when the country actively seeks “opportunities” in the “crisis” and achieves remarkable results. In 2021,the “technical-grand coalition government” led by Mario Draghi,the former president of the European Central Bank,came into power,which not only relieved the international concerns about the country’s early elections,but also objectively provides an important “window period” for Italian domestic political parties to solve their internal problems. In 2021,Draghi government focused on promoting productive investment and structural reforms while preventing and controlling the pandemic,aiming to solve a series of deep-seated problems in the national system. Although achieving full recovery from the epidemic is still difficult,Italy is moving in the direction of promoting comprehensive and sustainable economic and social development:the COVID-19 vaccination has been rapidly advancing,the epidemic prevention measures have achieved relatively outstanding results,the National Recovery and Resilience Plan has been launched as scheduled,the economy has achieved relatively strong recovery,and the overall social situation tends to improve. In terms of diplomacy,Draghi government has fully returned to the mainstream of Europe,making efforts on consolidating Italy’s relations with France and Germany,and at the same time taking advantage of the G20 rotating presidency to actively promote multilateralism and enhance its international influence. In general,pragmatic cooperation is still the mainstream of China-Italy relations. The significant increase in bilateral trade volume against the trend has become a highlight of the cooperation between the two countries. The Draghi government’s relatively conservative attitude towards the cooperation with China also deserves attention.

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    作者简介
    孙彦红:孙彦红,经济学博士,中国社会科学院欧洲研究所研究员,欧洲经济研究室主任,中国欧洲学会意大利研究分会秘书长,主要研究领域为欧洲经济、意大利经济、中欧/中意经贸关系。
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