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    2021年中国新能源汽车产业发展报告

    摘要

    2021年,在产业各界共同努力下,借助消费环境持续向好契机,中国新能源汽车市场化进程进一步加速。欧美主要国家也纷纷强化发展新能源汽车的战略定位、延长新能源汽车财税支持政策,并强调提升本土产业链稳定性和竞争力,有力推动全球新能源汽车市场实现大幅增长。中国新能源汽车产业实现超预期发展,全年销量再创新高,达到352.1万辆,连续七年居世界首位,市场渗透率大幅提升至13.4%,电动化、智能化技术交替提升,加速融合,自动驾驶技术商业化实现多点落地开花,并吸引更多业外企业跨界加入竞争。中国动力电池、电驱动、原材料行业发展优势地位进一步稳固,汽车芯片行业也积极凝心聚力、谋局突破。充电基础设施覆盖广度和密度得到显著提升,换电模式呈现爆发式发展态势。在国家“双碳”战略推动下,新能源汽车政策环境持续优化,逐步形成包容性强、鼓励创新、支持有力的政策氛围。多重因素综合作用下,我国新能源汽车产业竞争力已跃升至全球第二。展望未来,我国应进一步深化改革鼓励创新,坚持新能源汽车扩内需、稳外需齐抓,强化新能源汽车产业链自主可控,加速融入全球市场,持续推动产业高质量发展。 <<
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    Abstract

    In 2021,with the joint efforts of all sectors of the industry,the marketization process of China’s new energy vehicle industry was further accelerated by taking advantage of continuous improvement in the consumption environment. Major countries in Europe and America have also strengthened their strategic positioning for the development of new energy vehicles,extended fiscal and taxation support for new energy vehicles and emphasized improving the stability and competitiveness of local industrial chain,which effectively promotes the substantial growth of the global new energy vehicle market. China’s new energy vehicle industry has achieved unexpected development. The annual sales reached a new high of 3.521 million new energy vehicles and China has ranked the first in the world for seven consecutive years. The market penetration rate has increased significantly to 13.4%. Electrification and intelligent technologies were upgraded alternately and the integration was accelerated. The commercialization of autonomous driving technology was implemented in many places,while more non-industry enterprises were attracted to join the competition. China’s power battery,electric drive and raw material industries have further consolidated its dominant position in development,while the automotive chip industry also make great efforts to seek breakthroughs. The coverage and density of charging infrastructure have been significantly improved,while swapping model has shown an explosive development trend. Driven by the national double-carbon strategy,the policy environment for new energy vehicles has been continuously optimized,gradually forming a policy atmosphere that is highly inclusive,encourages innovation and supports strong policies. Under the combined effect of multiple factors,the competitiveness of China’s new energy industry has jumped to the second in the world. Looking forward to the future,China shall further deepen reform and encourage innovation,insist on expanding domestic demand and stabilizing external demand for new energy vehicles,strengthen the independent and controllable industry chain of new energy vehicles,accelerate integration into the global market and continue to promote high-quality development of the industry.

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    作者简介
    黄永和:黄永和,教授级高级工程师,中汽中心资深首席专家,长期从事汽车产业政策研究。
    刘桂彬:刘桂彬,教授级高级工程师,中汽中心汽车标准化研究所总工程师,长期从事汽车产业标准研究。
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