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    当前民营企业主的政治参与及趋势

    摘要

    民营企业主阶层伴随我国民营经济的快速发展而壮大成为一个相对独立的社会阶层,其在经济地位日渐提升的同时,政治诉求也明显增多,已经成为政治格局中不容忽视的一股新兴力量。基于此,笔者考察了民营企业主的政治参与动机,认为民营企业主的政治参与并非一种盲目行动,而是为了获得经济支持、政治保障、政治荣誉、社会资本。笔者认为,新时期积极推动民营企业主的政治参与是实现经济良性发展、完善政治参与机制和加快我国民主政治进程的客观要求,文中还归纳出当前民营企业主政治参与的几种渠道,分别为配合政府的治理行动、政治身份建构行为、间接政治参与行为和非制度化参与行为。并提出,21世纪以来民营企业主的政治参与出现了新特征,他们的参与意愿更加自主化、参与方式更加多元化、参与领域更加广泛化以及参与结构更加有效化。当然,一些不合理的参与方式带来的负面效应也不容忽视,这些消极影响与民营企业主政治参与渠道不畅通、参与机制不完善、法律保障不健全以及政治参与错误认识直接相关。因此,拓宽民营企业主的政治参与渠道、建立规范化的参与机制、完善政治参与的法律制度以及重视中小民营企业主的政治参与,是积极促进和引导民营企业主阶层政治参与有序化、合法化和扩大化的应然之举。

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    Abstract

    The private business owner class along with the rapid development of the private economy in our country and become a relatively independent social stratum,the economic status of rising at the same time,political demands also increased obviously,has become the political landscape of a new power should not be ignored. Based on this,the author examines the political participation of private entrepreneur motivation,thinks private entrepreneurs to participate in politics is not a blind action,in order to obtain financial support,political security,political honor,social capital,etc. The author thinks that,need to actively promote the political participation of private entrepreneurs in the new period,this is to realize the benign economic development,improve the political participation mechanism,and speed up the process of democratic politics in our country,the objective request,also summarizes the current private entrepreneurs to participate in political channels to tie in with the management of the government,political identity construction behavior,indirect political participation behavior and non-institutionalized participation behavior. And put forward,the political participation of private entrepreneurs has emerged since the new century new features,their participation will more democracy,participatory way more diverse,widely participate in fields and participate in the structure to be more effective. Some unreasonable participation way,of course,the negative effect also not allow to ignore,these negative effects and mechanism of private entrepreneurs,political participation channels unblocked,not engage in imperfect,imperfect laws and political participation is directly related to misunderstanding. Therefore,broadening the channels of political participation,to set up the standard of the participation mechanism,perfect the legal system of political participation and attention to the political participation of small and medium-sized private entrepreneurs are actively promoting and guide the political participation of private business owner class ordering,legalization and expansion of the ought to be.

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    作者简介
    吴理财:吴理财,华中师范大学政治与国际关系学院教授。
    瞿奴春:瞿奴春,华中师范大学政治与国际关系学院博士研究生。
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