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    中国残疾人事业发展报告(2018)

    摘要

    2017年是中国特色残疾人事业建设进入新时期的关键一年。本报告主要基于《中国残疾人事业统计年鉴》(1996~2017)和中国残疾人事业发展报告相关数据,描述了2017年中国残疾人事业总体发展状况,构建了中国残疾人事业发展评价体系,计算了中国残疾人事业发展指数及各省指数,分析了中国残疾人事业发展面临的障碍,提出了促进中国残疾人事业持续健康发展的对策建议。研究结果表明,中国残疾人事业取得长足发展,残疾人事业发展指数由2006年的39.7上升到2016年的68.4,残疾人生存保障指数由2006年的35.3上升到2016年的71.2,残疾人发展提升指数由2006年的48.9上升到2016年的63.6,残疾人服务支撑指数由2006年的34.2上升到2016年的70.3。根据对各省(区、市)残疾人事业发展情况的综合评价,天津、北京、上海、浙江、江苏的残疾人事业发展相对较好。当前,中国残疾人事业发展仍然面临挑战:歧视残疾人的社会环境仍然较为严峻;管理体制的条块分割弊端仍然影响残疾人事业发展;引导和鼓励社会组织参与残疾人事业的政策体系缺乏;残疾人事业法律的有效供给不足;残疾人事业政策的普惠程度有待提升;残疾人事业发展的不平衡不充分问题突出等。

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    Abstract

    This year 2017 is crucial for the development cause for people with disabilities with Chinese characteristics. Based on Statistical Yearbook for the cause of disabled persons in China (1996~2017) and Communiqu for the development cause for people with disabilities in China,This report describes the overall development cause for people with disabilities in 2017,The report constructs the evaluation system for the development cause for people with disabilities,calculates the index of development cause for people with disabilities in China and the indicators of various provinces in 2017,analyzes the obstacles of the development cause for people with disabilities in China and puts forward some countermeasures to promote the development cause for people with disabilities in China.

    The results show that China has made great progress in the development cause for people with disabilities,the development cause index for people with disabilities rising from 39.7 in 2006 to 68.4 in 2016,the survival guarantee index for people with disabilities rising from 35.3 in 2006 to 71.2 in 2016,the development and promotional index for people with disabilities rising from 48.9 in 2006 to 63.6 in 2016,and the service support index for people with disabilities rising from 34.2 in 2006 to 70.3 in 2016. According to the level of the development index for people with disabilities in provinces (cities and autonomous regions),the top five provinces (cities and autonomous regions) in 2016 were Tianjin,Beijing,Shanghai,and Zhejiang Province,Jiangsu Province. However,the development cause for people with disabilities still faces challenges:the social environment that discriminates against disabled people is still severe,the sectorization of the development cause for people with disabilities is not conducive to the development of synergies,the lack of a policy system to guide and encourage social organizations to participate in the development cause for people with disabilities,and the lack of effective supply of laws on the development cause for people with disabilities. The degree of inclusive policy for the cause for people with disabilities needs to be improved,and the imbalance in the development cause for people with disabilities is prominent.

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    作者简介
    凌亢:凌亢,南京特殊教育师范学院院长,教授,博士,研究领域:残疾统计。
    孙友然:孙友然,博士,南京邮电大学管理学院教授,南京特殊教育师范学院中国残疾人数据科学研究院特聘教授,研究领域:残疾人人力资源开发及管理。
    白先春:白先春,南京特殊教育师范学院中国残疾人数据科学研究院执行院长,教授,博士,研究领域:残疾统计。
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