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    2018年中国社会治安形势分析报告

    摘要

    2018年,中国恐怖主义活动得到有效遏制,但国际暴恐态势依然紧张,毒气炸弹、无人机等成为暴恐袭击的新工具和新手段;刑案数量明显下降,侵财类案件仍占主流,其中走私犯罪案件数量和伪造、变造货币以及出售、购买、运输、持有、使用假币的刑事案件数量呈现逐年上升趋势;治安案件数量整体下降,但违反旅馆业管理、违反危险物品管理规定、卖淫嫖娼和寻衅滋事等四类治安案件呈现回升趋势。另外,黑恶势力威胁基层秩序、网络空间风险、银行卡盗刷、车险骗保、非法集资、传销犯罪以及民众出行安全感和满意度问题成为新时期社会治安防控的“新困境”。对此,建议从深入开展扫黑除恶斗争,提升网络空间综合治理能力和水平,构建银行、保险业犯罪多元化治理体系,协同探索非法集资防控网络,建设反传销联动合作机制以及打造多元综合监管体系等方面促进社会治安秩序良性有序运行。

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    Abstract

    In 2018,Chinese terrorist activities were effectively contained,but the international terrorist situation remained severe,and gas bombs and drones have become new tools and new means of terrorist attacks. The number of criminal cases dropped significantly,and criminal cases of encroaching on property were still significant,and the number of criminal cases of smuggling and the number of criminal cases of forgery,alteration of currency and sale,purchase,transportation,possession and use of counterfeit currency have shown an upward trend year by year. The number of cases about offense against public order declined overall,but four types of offense against public order,such as violating hotel-industry management,violating dangerous goods regulations,prostitution and defiance and affray,are on the rise. Moreover,the Mafia-like gangs,cyberspace risks,credit card fraud,automobile insurance fraud,illegal fund-raising,pyramid sale crimes,and people’s travel safety and satisfaction have become the “new dilemma” of social security prevention and control in the new era. Therefore,it is crucial to carry out in-depth efforts to take action against the underworld gangs,improve the capacity and level of cyberspace comprehensive management,build a diversified governance system for banks and insurance industry,and collaboratively explore the networks of illegal fund-raising prevention and control. Meanwhile,it is important to build the cooperation mechanism among anti-pyramid-sale-crime legislation,law enforcement and judicial system,and establish comprehensive supervision system to promote the sound and orderly operation of the social public order.

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    作者简介
    周延东:周延东,中国人民公安大学治安学院讲师、硕导,首都社会安全研究基地研究员。
    宫志刚:宫志刚,中国人民公安大学治安学院院长,教授、博导。
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