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蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
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李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>

    老年人的主观幸福感及影响因素

    摘要

    本文采用2015年第四次中国城乡老年人生活状况抽样调查数据,对老年人幸福感影响因素进行系统探讨。结果发现:城镇、男性、低龄、有配偶、文化程度高、无慢性病、有医疗保障的老年人幸福感水平较高;独居老年人幸福感显著低于与配偶同住和其他居住安排的老年人;随着住房满意度的上升老年人幸福感水平显著上升;家人有虐待行为、子女有“啃老”现象的老年人幸福感水平较低;随着对子女孝顺评价的升高,老年人幸福感水平显著提高;医疗服务便利、社会参与度高、参加社团、参加老年大学、参加休闲活动的老年人幸福感水平较高。回归结果表明,老年人健康水平、经济与保障、居住环境、家庭关系、公共服务和精神文化生活对老年人主观幸福感具有显著正向预测作用。因此,现阶段从健康、经济与保障、居住环境、家庭关系、公共服务和精神生活等方面采取分城乡的改善措施,均能提升老年人的主观幸福感,从而提升老年人的生活质量。

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    Abstract

    Based on the data of the fourth survey of urban and rural elderly living conditions in China in 2015,the factors affecting the happiness of the elderly were systematically discussed. The results showed that the happiness level of urban,male,young,spouse,high education,no chronic disease,and medical security was higher. The happiness of living alone is significantly lower than that of the elderly living with spouses and other living arrangements. As the satisfaction of housing increases,the level of happiness of the elderly increases significantly. The level of well-being of the elderly who have abusive behaviors and their children have an “old age” phenomenon is relatively low. As the evaluation of filial piety to children is raised,the level of well-being of the elderly is significantly improved. The level of well-being of the elderly with convenient medical services,social participation,participation in associations,participation in senior universities,and participation in leisure activities is high. The regression results show that the health,economics and security,living environment,family relationship,public service and spiritual life of the elderly have a significant positive predictive effect on the subjective well-being of the elderly,while the self-care ability and medical security level only serve the happiness of the rural elderly. Has a significant effect. Therefore,from the aspects of health,economy and security,living environment,family relations,public services and spiritual life,we will take measures to improve urban and rural areas.

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