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    中国残疾人融合教育发展报告(2020)

    • 作者:彭兴蓬 康丽出版日期:2020年12月
    • 报告页数:35 页报告大小:3.11MB
    • 报告字数:29094 字所属丛书:残疾人蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:中国残疾人事业发展报告(2020)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    近四十年来,中国残疾人融合教育坚持扎根中国大地,结合中国实际进行积极探索,逐步形成了以随班就读为主的实践模式,历经萌芽期、发展期和转型期,目前已经进入改革深水区,以义务教育为重点任务,在残疾人入学率、残疾类型、随班就读质量、随班就读支持保障等各方面都有了重大突破;以学前教育、高中教育、高等教育、职业教育为拓展,在受教育的残疾人数、经费支持、制度保障等各方面都有所提高。面对新形势、新情况、新变化,中国融合教育面临着法制健全、经费支持增加、课程与教学改革、支持保障体系完善等挑战和问题。基于此,需要从内到外推进一系列改革,这不仅需要丰富融合教育的内涵建设,还须进行外部制度的建设和相关资源的支持,以共同促进融合教育的发展。

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    Abstract

    In the past 40 years,inclusive education for persons with disabilities in China insists on taking root in the land of China,actively exploring in light of China’s actual situation,and gradually forming a mode of taking regular classes as the main practice mode. After the budding period,the development period and the transition period,it has now entered the deep water zone of reform. With compulsory education as the key task,major breakthroughs have been made in various aspects such as the enrollment rate of persons with disabilities,the types of disabilities,the quality of regular classes,and the guarantee of regular classes;with the expansion of pre-school education,high school education,higher education,and vocational education,the number of persons with disabilities,financial support,and system guarantees have been improved. Facing the new trend,new situation and new changes,China’s inclusive education is facing challenges and problems such as a sound rule of law,increased funding support,curriculum and teaching reform,and improvement of support and security systems. Based on this,a series of reforms need to be promoted from the inside to the outside. This not only necessary to enrich the connotation of inclusive education,but also to build external systems and support related resources to jointly promote the development of inclusive education.

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    作者简介
    彭兴蓬:彭兴蓬,博士,华中师范大学副教授,研究领域:残疾人融合教育。
    康丽:康丽,博士,南京特殊教育师范学院公共事业管理系系主任、副教授,研究领域:残疾人事业管理。
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