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    党的十九大以来行政体制改革的进展和成就

    摘要

    党的十九大以来,国务院和地方各级政府坚持以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,紧紧围绕使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用,持续深化“放管服”改革,加快政府职能转变,统筹推进机构改革,科学配置行政部门及其内设机构权力,不断创新行政管理方式,加快法治政府和廉洁政府建设。行政体制改革取得巨大成就:简政放权进一步深化、市场监管方式不断创新、政务服务水平持续提升,政府职能加快转变;行政区划体系和层级架构逐步调整、政府机构职能体系逐步健全、事业单位改革继续深化、行政队伍建设迈出新步伐,政府组织结构明显优化;数字政府建设快速推进、公众参与进一步扩大、法治政府建设取得新进展,政府行政管理方式持续创新、政府治理科学化民主法治化水平不断提升;反腐倡廉取得显著成效、政府监督全方位强化、政府机关和工作人员作风显著改善,深入推动全面从严治政,廉洁政府建设达到新水平。总结好、运用好既有行政体制改革经验,对新形势下更好适应党和国家事业发展新要求,继续深化行政体制改革,坚持和完善中国特色社会主义行政体制,构建职责明确、依法行政的政府治理体系具有十分重要的意义。 <<
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    Abstract

    Since the 19th CPC National Congress,guided by Xi Jinping’s socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era,the State Council and local governments at all levels,aiming at making the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and giving a better play of the government,have deepened the reform of “Delegating-Regulation-Service”,accelerated the transformation of government functions,continued to promote government restructuring,allocated the responsibilities of various departments and internal institutions,constantly innovated ways of administration,and accelerated the paces of building a government ruled by law and with integrity. On the whole,great progress and achievements have been made in the reform of the administrative system. Firstly,streamlining administration and delegating powers have been further deepened,market supervision methods have been continuously innovated,government service levels have been continuously improved,such that the reform of “Delegating-Regulation-Service” has been promoted in depth,and the transformation of government functions has been accelerated. Secondly,the administrative division system and hierarchical structure have been gradually adjusted,the functional system of government institutions has been gradually improved,the reform of public institutions has continued to deepen,new steps have been taken in the construction of administrative teams,such that the institutional reform has been accelerated,and the government organizational structure has been significantly optimized. Thirdly,the construction of digital government has been accelerated,public participation has been further expanded,new progress has been made in the construction of a government by law,such that the mode of government administration continuously innovated,the scientific level with democracy and by law increased obviously. Lastly,remarkable results have been achieved in fighting against corruption,government supervision has been strengthened in an all-round way,and the work style of organs and staff has been continuously improved,such that we further promoted the construction of a strict and clean government to a new level. We should sum up and make good use of the existing experiences in the reform of the administrative system. They can better meet the new requirements of the development under the new situation,focus on the existing contradictions and problems,continue to deepen the reform of the administrative system,adhere to and improve the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics. And they can provide valuable reference and strong driving force to build a government governance system with clear responsibility and according to law.

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    作者简介
    王满传:王满传,中央党校(国家行政学院)公共管理教研部主任,中国行政体制改革研究会常务副会长兼秘书长,教授。
    吕洪业:吕洪业,中央党校(国家行政学院)公共管理教研部公共经济教研室副主任,研究员。
    赖先进:赖先进,中央党校(国家行政学院)公共管理教研部副教授。
    翟云:翟云,中央党校(国家行政学院)公共管理教研部研究员。
    孙文营:孙文营,中国行政体制改革研究会学术委员会秘书长、政府治理现代化研究中心主任。
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