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    中国城乡青年婚姻家庭生育观调查报告

    • 作者:邹宇春 王翰飞 梁茵岚出版日期:2022年12月
    • 报告页数:21 页报告大小:1.53MB
    • 报告字数:17689 字所属丛书: 社会蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2023年中国社会形势分析与预测
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    青年是国家和民族的未来,及时了解当前我国青年的婚姻家庭生育观状况,引导青年树立文明、健康、理性的婚姻家庭生育观,对于青年健康成长和社会文明可持续发展具有重要意义。为此,本报告采用“2021年中国社会状况综合调查”中婚姻、家庭、生育等方面的行为态度数据,分析我国城乡青年婚姻家庭生育观的现状,并与2015年的类似数据进行对比,研究结果显示:①在婚姻观方面,我国城市青年择偶标准要高于农村青年,但农村青年的初婚比例要高于城市青年;我国城乡青年异质婚比例增多,同时未婚比例也在增多,婚姻的多元化倾向增强。②在家庭观方面,农村青年相较于城市青年有相对更大的主观家庭规模;城乡青年均有较高的家庭满意度,但农村青年略低于城市青年;城乡青年家庭规模的小型化趋势渐缓,且家庭满意度也逐渐上升。③在生育观方面,农村青年比城市青年的生育数量更多,但两者的生育计划均显消极;城乡青年的二孩家庭数量有所增加,但二孩生育计划有所下降。最后,本报告总结了我国城乡青年婚姻家庭生育观存在的问题,并提出相应的对策建议。 <<
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    Abstract

    Youth is the future of the country and the nation. It is of great significance for the future of youth and the sustainable social development to understand the current situation of young people’s concept of marriage,family and fertility,and guide them to establish a healthy and rational concept of marriage,family and fertility. For this reason,this report uses the data of 2021 Chinese Social Survey to analyze the current situation of the marriage,family and fertility of young people in urban and rural areas in China,and compares it with data in 2015. The research shows that:① In terms of marriage,the spouse selection standard of urban youth in China is higher than that of rural youth,but the proportion of rural youth in their first marriage is higher than that of urban youth;The proportion of heterogeneous marriage among urban and rural youth in China is increasing,while the proportion of unmarried population is also increasing,and the trend of marriage diversification is strengthening. ② In terms of family,rural youth has a relatively larger subjective family size than urban youth. Both urban and rural youth have higher family satisfaction,but rural youth are slightly lower than urban youth. The trend of smaller families is gradually slowing down,and family satisfaction is rising. ③ In terms of fertility,rural youth have more children than urban youth,but their fertility plans are both negative;The number of two-child families of urban and rural youth has increased,but the family planning for two children has declined. Finally,this report summarizes the problems existing in the concept of marriage,family and fertility of young people in urban and rural areas in China,and puts forward corresponding suggestions.

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    作者简介
    邹宇春:邹宇春,中国社会科学院社会学研究所发展社会学研究室主任,副研究员。
    王翰飞:王翰飞,中国社会科学院大学社会与民族学院博士研究生。
    梁茵岚:梁茵岚,中国社会科学院大学社会与民族学院硕士研究生。
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