您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册
您现在所在的位置:首页  > 中国社会发展数据库
更多>> 课题组动态
更多>> 专题子库
国际移民研究
    国际移民,作为一个全球性难题,需要的是国际社会共同努力、协... 详情>>
更多>> 皮书作者
蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>
李 扬
    1951年9月出生,籍贯安徽,1981年、1984年、1989年分别于安徽大学、复旦大学、中国人民大学获经济学学士、硕士、博士学位... 详情>>

    中国城乡老年人生活状况

    摘要

    目前,中国全体国民正在形成老龄社会的观念,对自身老年期的应对准备意识逐步提升,年轻人对昭示自身未来生活的当代老年人生活状况的关切日益增强,这是世界第一老年人口大国应对未来挑战的重要前提。2015年,综合反映中国城乡老年人生活状况的幸福感指数为60.8%,比2000年的48.8%提升了12.0个百分点。这说明,当代老年人也就是1955年以前出生并存活的老年人,他们是中国史上最幸福的老年人。这是党中央历来以人民为中心和高度重视解决人民老年期问题,特别是十八大以来党中央部署积极应对人口老龄化战略、全面加强老龄工作、大力发展老龄事业和老龄产业取得的重大成果。这些成果的取得既是当代老年人的福祉,更是未来各代老年人幸福生活的预演;既是未来老龄事业和老龄产业健康持续发展的根基,也是未来全体中国人民实现幸福晚年生活的历史阶段性准备。调查还表明,当代老年人还面临收入差距加大、慢病突出、服务不足、欠缺宜居环境、精神生活单调等诸多问题,迫切需要按照党的十九大关于积极应对人口老龄化的战略部署,坚持党委领导、政府主导、社会参与、全民关怀的方针,坚持问题导向,统筹解决当前老年人面临的各种问题,同时,要实施关口前移战略,引导年轻人口充分做好全生命周期的养老准备,确保各代老年人能够享受有保障、有尊严、体面、幸福的美好晚年生活。

    <<
    >>

    Abstract

    At present,all Chinese people are forming a concept about aging society and improving their awareness of making preparations to deal with their own aged issues gradually. Specifically,younger generation is increasingly enhancing their concern about the living conditions of contemporary seniors who present younger generation's future living specimens. All above this have constituted an important precondition for great China with the largest aging population to deal with its future challenges. In 2015,the happiness index,which comprehensively reflected the living conditions of the urban-rural elderly in China,was 60.8%,an increase of 12 percentage points over the 48.8% in 2000,showing that contemporary seniors who were born before 1955 and have survived till now are the happiest seniors in Chinese history. This is a great achievement accomplished by our Central Party Committee since it has always been taken the people as its center and attached great importance to solve old-age issues. Especially since the 18th National Congress of the CPC,Central Party Committee has actively deployed strategies to deal with aging population,comprehensively strengthen the old-age work and vigorously developed aging industries. Moreover,these achievements are not only the well-being of the present-day elderly and a preview of the happy life of the old-age in future generations,but also a foundation for the healthy and sustainable development of the aging industry and a historical preparation for all the Chinese people to realize the dream of enjoying a happy old age life. However,contemporary seniors are still facing many problems such as the income gap,prominent chronic diseases,inadequate services,imperfect livable environment and monotonous spiritual life. So,for the purpose of solving various problems facing the elderly comprehensively,it is imperative to persist in the guideline of party committee's leadership,government-led,social participation and care for all people and insist on problem-oriented in line with the strategic plan on actively responding to the aging population put forward in the 19th National Congress of CPC. As well,in order to ensure that elders of all generations can enjoy a beautiful old age life with security,dignity,decentness and happiness,efforts should be made to implement the preparation forward strategy to guide the young population to make fully preparations for life-long old-age care.

    <<
    >>
    作者简介
    党俊武:党俊武,中国老龄科学研究中心副主任,经济学博士,研究领域为老龄社会、老龄战略、老龄产业、老龄科学。
    <<
    >>
    相关报告